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RBT Flashcards (D)

Behavior Reduction

What are 4 common functions of behavior? Escape Attention Tangible Sensory
What are antecedent manipulations? Altering either the antecedents or the motivating operations associated with a response to either increase or decrease the rate of that response
Give an example of manipulating motivating operations to decrease problem behavior If a client scratches people when he's hungry, feeding him a large meal will reduce the rate at which he scratches momentarily
Give an example of manipulating antecedents to decrease problem behavior If a client fidgets with a toy on his desk many times throughout session, the toy can be taken away and this will decrease the rate of fidgeting with that toy down to 0 immediately
What is one problem with antecedent manipulations? They can be considered "Band-aid" fixes that do not solve the underlying problem. (e.g. the problem will come back if the antecedents ever get put back to normal)
When using antecedent manipulations what should you always plan for? A way to fade out the antecedent manipulations (i.e. a way to put the antecedents back to normal)
Give an example of an antecedent manipulation and its fade-out plan Clients toy will be taken off his desk and working will be reinforced. As the client does well, the toy will be put back, but far away. Toy will be moved closer while he continues to do work until the toy is as close as it used to be to the client
What is differential reinforcement? The process of reinforcing one (or more) responses while extinguishing one (or more) other responses
Give an example of differential reinforcement Reinforcing hand raising by calling on and answering the clients question and extinguishing shout outs by ignoring and not answering questions
What is differential reinforcement used for? Decreasing a problem behavior while simultaneously increasing a replacement behavior
Name three types of differential reinforcement DRA, DRO, & DRI
What do DRA, DRO, & DRI stand for? "Differential Reinforcement of Alternative behavior Differential Reinforcement of Other behavior Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible behavior"
Explain how to do a DRO Choose a target response Choose a timelength Start a stopwatch If the client does the target response and no others for the timelength, deliver reinforcement If the client engages in any other response besides the target response, reset the stopwatch
Give an example of a DRO The target is the client sitting quietly with hands folded The timelength is 10 sec If the client sits quiety with hands folded for 10 sec, deliver a token If the client stands up, makes noise, unfolds his hands or any other response, reset stopwatch
What is the technical definition of extinction? When a response decreases due to reinforcement being withheld
Is ignoring the same as extinction? No. Ignorning is only extinction if the response's reinforcement is YOUR attention
Give an example of when you ignoring is not extinction because the reinforcer was someone else's attention If a child tells jokes in class to get laughs from his peers, you ignoring him will not function as extinction because reinforcement is not being withheld (i.e. he is still receiving reinforcement in the form of laughter from his peers)
What is the technical procedure for extinguishing a response reinforced by escape? Do not let that response lead to escape anymore
What is the technical procedure for extinguishing a response reinforced by tangible? Do not let that response lead to getting the tangible object or activity anymore
What is the technical procedure for extinguishing a response reinforced by sensory? Do not let that response lead to the sensory stimulation anymore
Give an example of extinguishing a response maintained by escape Matt hits his desk to get you to take his math worksheet away. Now when he hits his desk, you do not take his math worksheet away.
Give an example of extinguishing a response maintained by tangible Silvia runs around the room screaming until you give her the iPad. Now when she runs around screaming, you refuse to give her the iPad
Give an example of extinguishing a response maintained by sensory Todd scratches the top of his hand because he likes the way it feels. You put a glove on his hand so that scratching it doesn't lead to the same feeling as before.
Created by: Cambam