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RBT Flashcards (C3)

SDs, SDeltas, Evoke and Abate

What does SD stand for? Discriminative stimulus
An SD signals that ___ Reinforcement is available
An Sdelta signals that ___ Reinforcement is not available
What part of the 3 term contingency (ABC) is an SD? Antecedent
Give an example of an SD The sight of a vending machine signals that food is available
Give an example of an Sdelta The sight of an "out of order" sign on a vending machine signals that food is not available
What does evoke mean? A response is "evoked" from an organism when the presentation of a stimulus is followed by the response's occurrence
Give an example of a response being evoked If a teacher says "Raise your hand if you want a piece of candy" (SD) and a student raises her hand (response), we say that the SD evoked the response of hand raising
What does abate mean? A response is "abated" if the response is occurring regularly and then the presentation of a stimulus causes it to happen less often or not at all
Give an example of a response being abated If a teacher is handing out candy for each worksheet and students are working on worksheets, but then the teacher says "that was the last piece of candy, I'm out now" and all of the students stop working, we say that the response of working was "abated"
What effect does an SD have on behavior? It evokes responses that lead to the reinforcer the SD is signaling is available (e.g. a vending machine evokes inserting a dollar bill and pressing buttons to make a selection)
What effect does an Sdelta have on behavior? It abates responses that lead to the reinforcer the Sdelta is signaling is unavailable (e.g. an out of order vending machine abates (or suppresses) inserting a dollar bill and pressing buttons to make a selection)
What does suppress mean? Similar to abate, suppress means to prevent the response from occurring at all, rather than stopping a response (out of order vending machine suppresses inserting a dollar bill because this response was not occurring and never occurs because of the sign)
What's the difference between evoke and elicit? Elicit is the same as evoke but is only for reflexes. (e.g. a particle of dust in your nose elicits a sneeze)
Created by: Cambam
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