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|To secede or withdrawal (Eleven states broke away or seceded from the Union before the Civil War over the issues of states’ rights and slavery)
|States that remained united after the secession of eleven others. Commonly called “the North” or “the Free States” during the Civil War.
|The eleven states that seceded from the Union before the Civil War over the issues of states’ rights and slavery. Commonly called “the South” or “the Slave States” during the Civil War.
|The four states of Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri. These states allowed for slavery, but did not withdrawal (secede) from the Union before the Civil War.
|Giving people the power to decide issues in government. An example is the Kansas-Nebraska Act in which people were given the right to decide the slavery issue for themselves in their state
|The study or description of surface features in a region including hills, mountains, valleys, rivers, ports, and plateaus (Very important during the Civil War- Ex. High Ground at Gettysburg and Mississippi River at Vicksburg)
|To isolate, close off, or surround a place such as a port (Examples in the Civil War were ports of New Orleans, Savannah, and Charleston blockaded by the Union)
|A crop that is heavily marketed for profit (examples were tobacco and cotton in the South)
|Missouri Compromise (1820)-
|Missouri entered the Union as a slave state; Maine would enter the Union as a free state
|Compromise of 1850
|California entered the Union as a free state. The Southwest Territories would decide the slavery issue for themselves.
|People in each state would decide the slavery issue (Popular Sovereignty)
|The Confederate attack here marked the beginning of the Civil War
|The First Battle of Mananas
|Also called “Bull Run” and was the first MAJOR battle of the Civil War
|Issued by Abraham Lincoln and made “freeing the slaves” the new focus of the war (Many African-Americans joined the Union army as a result)
|Battle of Vicksburg
|Divided the South and gave the North control of the Mississippi River
|Battle of Gettysburg
|Was the turning point of the Civil War as the North repelled Lee’s invasion
|Given by Abe Lincoln who said the war was to preserve a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people”.
|Appomattox Court House
|Where Lee surrendered to Grant in 1865 to end the war.
|President of the United States during the Civil War who was against slavery and was determined to preserve the Union, by force if necessary. Issued the Emancipation Proclamation and wrote the Gettysburg Address. The South seceded after his appointment.
|President of the Confederate States of America during the war.
|Ulysses S. Grant
|General of the Union army that defeated Robert E. Lee.
|Robert E. Lee
|Leader of the VA Confederates who was offered full command of the Union forces at the beginning of the war, but chose not to fight against Virginia. Opposed secession, but did not believe the Union could be held together by force.
|Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson
|A skilled Confederate general from Virginia. "Stood like a Stonewall."
|An enslaved African-American who escaped to the North and became an abolitionist (wrote the North Star newspaper)
|A Civil War nurse who created the American Red Cross
|An African-American sailor and Union naval captain who was highly honored for his feats of bravery and heroism. He became a Congressman after the war.