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Chapter 13- US Hist

Chapter 13- US History

TermDefinition
Prohibition January, 1920, the 18th Amendment was passed banning the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverage
Flapper An emancipated young woman who embraces the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day
Double- Standard A set of principles that required stricter standards of behavior for women than for men
Bootleggers Smugglers who carried bottles of liquor in the legs of their boots
Fundamentalism The Protestant Christian movement grounded in a literal interpretation of the Bible
Sinclair Lewis The first American to win a Nobel Prize in literature; an outspoken critic of America
Georgia O'Keeffe Produced intensely colored canvases that captured the grandeur of New York
Edna St. Vincent Millay Wrote to the top of the African-American literary society by hard work; went after the good life in America
Bessie Smith Female blues singer; perhaps the outstanding vocalist of the decade
Duke Ellington Jazz pianist and composer
Louis Armstrong African American trumpet player; he became the most important and influential musician in the history of jazz
Claude McKay Novelist, poet, and Jamaican immigrant; his music urged African-Americans to resist prejudice and discrimination
Clarence Darrow Lawyer hired by the ACLU to defend John T. Scopes
Scopes Trial This became a fight over evolution and the role of science and religion in public schools and in American society; July 10, 1925
James Weldon Johnson Poet, lawyer, and NAACP executive secretary; worked against lynching, wrote about black culture in New York during the roaring twenties
Paul Robeson Became a dramatic actor; performed in London and New York; he supported the Soviet Union and the Communist Party
Langston Hughes Best known poet of the Harlem Movement; wrote of black defiance, also of hope
Marcus Garvey Immigrant from Jamaica; believed that African-Americans should build a separate society
Ernest Hemmingway Became the best-known expatriate author; criticized the glorification of war
Speak-easy To obtain liquor illegally, drinkers went underground to hidden saloons or nightclubs; when inside, they had to be quiet to avoid detection
Harlem Renaissance A literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture
Charles Lindbergh Made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic in May 1927
George Gershwin Jewish composer, merged popular music with American jazz creating a new American sound
F. Scott Fitzgerald Coined the term "Jazz Age" to describe the 1920s
Created by: gDeBose
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