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Chap13 Western Civ
|The two traditions about how sinful human beings can gain salvation are
|church ritual and individual faith
|In the late medieval period, lay people sought a more personal religious experience through all EXCEPT
|joining religious orders in unprecedented numbers.
|All of the following eroded the prestige of the late medieval papacy EXCEPT
|the successes of the Ottoman Turks.
|New religious ideas were spread in all of the following ways EXCEPT
|sermons by the clergy.
|The Christian humanists attempted to use humanist techniques in the service of religion by
|retranslating and reanalyzing the Bible to understand it more accurately
|a revival of purer faith without rejecting the traditional authority of the Church.
|Martin Luther's basic problem was that
|he felt a righteous God would never forgive his sins.
|The pope excommunicated Luther because
|he rejected the pope's authority and the validity of the sacraments.
|Luther's last major act of reform was to
|translate the Bible into German so ordinary people could read it for themselves.
|Popular enthusiasm for Luther's revolt was demonstrated by all of the following EXCEPT
|radical preachers began calling for Lutheranism to be institutionalized as the empire's state church.
|By the 1550s, what percentage of the Holy Roman Empire had embraced Lutheranism?
|Luther's doctrine of the equality of all believers in the eyes of God had all of the following effects EXCEPT
|it originated independent and pioneering behavior among Europeans.
|Zwingli and Luther agreed on all of the following issues EXCEPT
|the symbolic meaning of the sacraments of baptism and communion.
|The Melchiorite Anabaptists at Münster did all of the following EXCEPT
|forcibly rebaptize all citizens.
|Calvinism was well adapted to struggle against Catholicism for all the following reasons EXCEPT
|its tenets were left vague, so different congregations could adapt them to local conditions.
|Henry VIII separated the English Church from Rome
|to get a divorce
|The pre-existing strengths of the Catholic Church included all of the following EXCEPT
|clearly defined doctrines
|The Council of Trent accomplished all of the following EXCEPT
|updating the version of the Bible accepted as authoritative.
|The most common contribution of women to the Counter-Reformation was
|through founding new orders
|Which of the following was a core element of Ignatius Loyola's new order?
|rigorous educational preparation