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|Renaissance Humanism emphasized all of the following EXCEPT
|rejecting religious rituals, institutions, and beliefs
|Petrarch felt that the ultimate importance of studying the ancients was that it would enable people to
|imitate them, and thereby become more virtuous.
|Boccaccio's masterpiece, The Decameron, is notable because
|it portrayed ordinary characters and dealt frankly with the subject of sex, creating new aims in Western literature.
|As Humanism spread, it had an impact in the form of all of the following EXCEPT
|a political philosophy that caused the decline of despotism and rise of democracy.
|The Neoplatonists changed Humanism by emphasizing all of the following EXCEPT
|the irreconcilability of divergent truths.
|Masaccio, Donatello, and Brunelleschi found inspiration for their works in the city of
|The High Renaissance
|brought to a climax the artistic trends begun a century before.
|Raphael was a master of perspective. Which of the four masters of High Renaissance art was Europe's most sought-after portraitist?
|How did people view earlier artists such as Masaccio differently than Leonardo and other High Renaissance artists?
|Earlier artists were essentially seen as craftsmen, whereas later artists were viewed as greatly prized members of society, with high status.
|Northern culture differed from Italian because
|the percentage of townspeople was far lower in the North.
|Around 1500, northern Europe contained the chief center of
|The chief change in late medieval Scholasticism was
|a focus on the way we describe things rather than on the reality of things
|Marsilius of Padua based his critique of Church power on
|the nominalist position that the Church is made up of the sum of its parts, and thus the true power lies among its members
|The popes responded to their financial problems with all of the following measures EXCEPT
|drastically reducing papal expenses by adopting a cult of virtuous poverty
|By the end of the Great Schism,
|everyone in Europe had been excommunicated
|What was the goal of the conciliarists?
|They wanted a new constitution that would confirm the supremacy of a general council, which would limit the pope's authority
|Late medieval mysticism emphasized
|the interior experience of communion with God
|Lay piety involved all of the following EXCEPT
|that the Church's suppression of transubstantiation was not valid.
|Ultimately the Hussites
|were allowed to establish a special church, but further demands for reform were rejected