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Chapter 6

Road to Revolution Vocabulary

TermDefinition
King George III George III was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death.
Quartering act The Quartering Act is a name given to a minimum of two Acts of British Parliament in the local governments of the American colonies to provide the British soldiers with any needed accommodations and housing.
revenue n accounting, revenue is the income that a business has from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers. Revenue is also referred to as sales or turnover
sugar act a law passed by the British Parliament in 1764 raising duties on foreign refined sugar imported by the colonies so as to give British sugar growers in the West Indies a monopoly on the colonial market. Compare Navigation Act.
stamp act The Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament on March 22, 1765. The new tax was imposed on all American colonists and required them to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used.
patrick henry Patrick Henry was an American attorney, planter, and orator well known for his declaration to the Second Virginia Convention: "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
boycott withdraw from commercial or social relations with (a country, organization, or person) as a punishment or protest.
sons of liberty The Sons of Liberty was an organization that was created in the Thirteen American Colonies. The secret society was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight taxation by the British government.
crispus attucks Crispus Attucks was an African-American man killed during the Boston Massacre and thus believed to be the first casualty of the American Revolution.
townshend acts A series of measures introduced into the English Parliament by Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend in 1767, the Townshend Acts imposed duties on glass, lead, paints, paper and tea imported into the colonies.
wrists of assistance A writ of assistance is a written order (a writ) issued by a court instructing a law enforcement official, such as a sheriff or a tax collector, to perform a certain task.
samuel adams Samuel Adams was an American statesman, political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
boston massacre The Boston Massacre, known as the Incident on King Street by the British, was an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers shot and killed people while under attack by a mob.
john adams He was the second United States president and he was also a leader of the movement for American independence from Great Britain.
commitee of correspondence The committees of correspondence were shadow governments organized by the Patriot leaders of the Thirteen Colonies on the eve of the American Revolution.
boston tea party The Boston Tea Party was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1773.
militia A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time .
minuteman Minutemen were civilian colonists who independently organized to form well-prepared militia companies self-trained in weaponry, tactics, and military strategies from the American colonial partisan militia during the American Revolutionary War.
intolerable acts The Intolerable Acts (also called the Coercive Acts) were harsh laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774. They were meant to punish the American colonists for the Boston Tea Party and other protests.
first continental congress The First Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from twelve of the Thirteen Colonies who met from September 5 to October 26, 1774 at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania early in the American Revolution.
paul revere Paul Revere was an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and Patriot in the American Revolution.
lexington and concord The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.
loyalist a colonist of the American revolutionary period who supported the British cause.
patriot Patriots were those colonists of the Thirteen Colonies who rebelled against British control during the American Revolution and in July 1776 declared the United States of America an independent nation.
ethan allen Ethan Allen was a farmer, businessman, land speculator, philosopher, writer, lay theologian, and American Revolutionary War patriot, and politician.
artillery Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
second continental congress The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the spring of 1775 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
continental army The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America.
benedict arnold Benedict Arnold was a general during the American Revolutionary War, who fought for the American Continental Army, and later defected to the British Army. (a trator)
declaration of independence A declaration of independence or declaration of statehood is an assertion by a defined territory that it is independent and constitutes a state.
thomas jefferson Thomas Jefferson was an American statesman, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence. (He was also our third american president)