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chapter 6

Road to revolution vocabulary

King George 3 British monarch wanted to enforce the proclamation and also keep peace with Britain's Native American allies
Quartering Act A cost saving measure that required to quarter or house British soldiers and provide them with supplies. passed in 1765
revenue income
Sugar Act law that placed tax on sugar, molasses and other products shipped to the colonies.
Stamp Act law required all legal and commercial documents to carry an official stamp showing the tax had been paid.
Patrick Henry a member of Virginia's House of Burgesses called for a resistance on tax.
boycott refusal to buy
sons of Liberty secret societies to oppose British policies
Townshend Acts a way to raise revenue in the colonies
Crispus Attucks son of African-American father and Native mother. born into slavery escaped and ran away to sea spend 20 years as a sailor used a false name lost his life in the Boston massacre
writs of assistance search warrants
Samuel Adams a leader of Boston Son of Liberty urged colonists to continue to resist British controls
Boston Massacre a group of youths and dockworkers traded insults a fight broke out soldiers began firing Attucks and four others were killed.
John Adams a lawyer and cousin to Samuel Adams defended them in court one of the writer of the declaration of independence
committees of correspondence Samuel Adams started to drive a form them in various towns in Massachusetts
Boston tea party Throw chest of tea in to the harbor they destroyed 342 chests of tea in 3 hours that night
militia was a force of armed civilians pledged to defend their community
Minutemen trained to be ready to act at a minute 's warning militia were minutemen
Intolerable act Laws Coercive Acts to master the colonies
First Continental congress September 1774 delegates from all the colonies except Georgia met in Philadelphia
Paul Revere A Boston silversmith and a second messenger, William Dawes were charged with spreading the news about British troop movements
Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the Revolutionary War the shot heard round the world
Loyalists those who supported British troops
Patriots Those who sided with the rebels
Ethan Allen led this band of backwoodsmen known as the Green Mountain Boys and took artillery
aryillery cannon and large guns
Second Continental Congress began in Philadelphia Delegates included John and Samuel Adams John Hancock Ben Franklin George Washington agreed to form the continental army
Continental Army Washington led them it was the Militiamen and rebel or patriot army
Benedict Arnold was an officer who had played a role in the victory at Fort Ticonderoga one of the leaders in the plan to invade Quebec in hopes to defeat British forces there and draw Canadians into the Patriot camp
The Declaration of Independence the most important document in American history the document that proclaimed independence
Thomas Jefferson The composer of the Declaration of Independence he was a excellent writer and was from Virginia
Created by: Teresa Smeltzer