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History Final

QuestionAnswer
Why did American colonists settle where they did? They were seeking new, improved lives, independent from Great Britain. They landed in Massachusetts and Virginia.
What are the foundations of American democracy? The voice of the people was more important than that of any monarch. They pushed for liberty, equality, and justice.
Why did the Anti-Federalists oppose the ratification of the Constitution in 1787? They thought that a stronger government threatened the sovereignty of the states. The feared that it failed to protect individual rights.
Who was Thomas Paine and what was the Common Sense? Published in 1776, Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy.
What is the Declaration of Independence? It strongly reflected the earlier writings of John Locke and Thomas Paine. It stated that in a democracy, power comes from the people.
What was Shay's Rebellion? It was a series of protests in 1786 and 1787 by American farmers against state and local enforced tax collections and judgments for debt.
What was the Louisiana Purchase? It was a land deal between the US and France in which the US acquired 827,000 miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million.
What was the Missouri Compromise of 1820? It drew an east-west line through the Louisiana Purchase, prohibiting slavery above that line, with the exception of Missouri.
What was the Compromise of 1850? The Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington was abolished. California entered the Union as a free state and a territorial government was created in Utah.
What was the Manifest Destiny? President Polk stated that the nation's manifest destiny was to extend to the Pacific Ocean.
What were the economic differences of the North and South prior to the Civil War? There was wealth in the South, but primarily in the slave economy and agriculture. The North's economy was propelled by the industrial transformation.
What was Lincoln's goal in the Civil War? His main goal was to save the Union.
What was the Seneca Falls Convention? It was the first Women's Rights convention, held in Seneca Falls over July 19-20, 1848.
Who was Presidents Andrew Jackson and what was the Reconstruction Period? Andrew Jackson was elected after President Lincoln's assassination. Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the US.
What were the results of the Civil War? The 13th Amendment was made, calling for the abolishment of slavery. The 14th and 15th Amendments were also added to the Constitution, spreading equality throughout the nation.
What were Black Codes? The main purpose of these codes was to preserve slavery.
Who were the Native Americans? They were the original inhabitants of the US.
What was the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882? In the spring of 1882, Congress passed an act that banned the immigration of the Chinese for 10 years.
What were the Indian Wars between 1860-1890? The Indian Wars' were a series of battles between Native Americans and US forces between 1860 and 1890.
What was the Homestead Act of 1862? It encouraged the settlement of public lands in the west. As settlers moved west, the Native Americans were moved over and over again onto new land, sometimes willingly, sometimes by force. There was anger on both sides, and tensions began to grow
What was the Transcontinental Railroad? The first railroad to make travel across the country possible.
What was the development of the Great Plains? The railroads were largely responsible for the development in the Great Plains after the Civil War.
What was the Three-Fifths Compromise? The population of slaves would be counted as three-fifths in total when determining the representation and taxation for the federal government.
What were the reconstruction goals after the Civil War? The goal for reconstructing the country after the Civil War was to bring the states back together and help rebuild the South.
What was the economic impact of the Civil War? The South was devastated by the abolishment of slavery, and was left in ruins after the war. It remained the poorest section of the nation for many decades. The North's industrial economy was booming, and they were laying the foundation for the West.
What were Tenements? Housing built in the nineteenth century in order to house the poor as cheaply as possible.
What was the Women's Suffrage Movement? Was during the Progressive era; resulted in the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.
What was the Battleship Maine? It was one of the first battleships to be constructed in the US. It was destroyed in the Cuba Harbor in Havana and played a large part in starting the war between the US and Spain.
Why was the North worried about Great Britain during the Civil War? They worried that Great Britain would side with the South, and become allies that were to large to take on alone.
What were Impressments? The practice by which men were forced to serve as British sailors.
What was the Trail of Tears? The forced expulsion of Native Americans from the eastern part of the United States.
Why did the South secede from the Union? The election of President Lincoln caused the South to secede from the Union.
What was the Emancipation Proclamation? Issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863, the proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
Why could Lincoln not carry out his plan of Reconstruction? He was assassinated a few days after Lee's surrender.
What was Muckrakers? Muckraker was used mainly to describe authors whose writing dealt mainly with exposing social conditions in need of reform.
Who had great job opportunities during WWI when they did not before the war? Women were provided with many job opportunities during the war.
What was the Treaty of Versailles? It was the most important peace treaty in that it brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
Why did the US enter WWI? Lincoln's goal was to save the Union.
What was/is the League of Nations? The League of Nations was an international organization, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes in the 1920's.
What was America's reaction to WWI? The American people did not want to be involved in WWI.
What happened when the Lusitania sunk? Prelude to Lusitania: Germany Announces Unrestricted Submarine Warfare. ... Several U.S. ships traveling to Britain were damaged or sunk by German mines, and in February 1915 Germany announced unrestricted submarine warfare in the waters around Britain.
What was the Zimmermann Telegram? It was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.
Created by: savadams