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WWII- part II

American Homefront

TermDefinition
War Bonds the govt. encouraged citizens to buy the bonds to pay for the war effort
volunteerism-citlaly the willingness of millions of Americans to help in the war effort
Rationing- citlaly regulates the amount of goods that a consumer could obtain to ensure supplies for soldiers
Ration Coupons-citlaly packets that were given to families (depending on size) to regulate the amount of food that they could buy
Victory gardens - citlaly vegetable gardens that Americans planted in homes to make sure that there was enough food for both troops and civilians
Blitzkreig-denisse German attack style that consisted of rapid coordinated movements by airplanes,tanks,troops carriers, and infantry
Neutrality acts-denisse Prohibited Americans from traveling on the ship's of nations at war
Cash and carry-denisse Americans could sell non-military good to Britain and other nations opposed to aggression, but they had to carry on their own ships and pay in cash
Quarantine speech-denisse FDR warned Americans of the growing unrest in the world and told them that peaceful nations had to act together to quarantine aggressive nations like Japan
WACS (Amanda) Women were enlisting in the armed forces in the military in large numbers, shipbuilding and aircraft production.
Flying tigers-denisse American pilots recruited to send supplies and to engage in combat with Japanese pilots in Asia
African Americans (Amanda) These people were forced to serve in segregated units like the Tuskegee Airmen, and won awards for bravery.
Native Americans (Amanda) These people enlisted for military service in a higher proportions than any other minority group and served as code talkers.
Lend lease act-denisse US drew closer to ending isolationism with the program to lease, or lend war materials to British using American ships crossing the Atlantic with supplies
Mexican Americans (Amanda) These people served in both the army and navy, and fought in all of the major campaigns, yet faced discrimination at home.
Four freedoms-denisse Freedom of speech and expression, freedom of religion, freedom from want, and freedom from fear
Executive Order 9066 (Amanda) This order permitted military commanders to require Japanese Americans to relocate to interior internment camps away from Western coastal regions.
Winston churchill-denisse Prime Minister of England who inspired his country to resist German bombings and continue to fight until the US entered the war
Atlantic charter- denisse US-British agreement to work to end colonial rule, ensure safe passage of shipping, and free trade
George Patton (Amanda) Was US commander of the forces that invaded North Africa and Sicily and later Germany using tanks and moving quickly.
Vernon Baker (Amanda) Was one of the first African American soldiers to see contact in the war and win Medal of Honor.
Batman Death March (Amanda) The Japanese forced their US prisoners to undertake a 60 mile march through the jungle that killed many of them.
Island hopping (Amanda) US strategy of liberating Pacific islands from Japanese control, one at a time, skipping over some.
George C. Marshall (Amanda) This general acted as Chief of Staff of the Army and the "organizer of the victory" in Europe, also helped rebuild it.
Nuremberg Trials (Amanda) Criminal War trials for individuals responsible for their actions, like Nazi soldiers, even in times of war.
D-day Aaron a 156,000 allied troops under the command of general Dwight Eisenhower began the invasion by landing at five beaches on the northwest coast of France at Normandy on June 6, 1944
Dwight Eisenhower-Aaron a Led the US invasion at Normandy
Normandy-Aaron a Northwest coast of France where D-Day began
Omar bradley - Aaron a Led the first American army to land in France
battle of the bulge-citlaly the Alies were counter-attacked by germany in Dec. 1944 in a last effort to keep Allies from advancing into Germany
Genocide -citlaly the effort to murder an entire people or nationality
Navajo Code Talkers-Estrada Americans used the unwritten and complex language of the Navajos to transmit messages by phone & radio in a code the Japanese could not break
Battle of Midway- Estrada the US was able to decipher the Japanese radio codes and defeated a surprise attack in a sea battle that was the turning point in the war for the Pacific Ocean
Chester Nimitz-Estrada commander in chief of the US Pacific Fleet
Albert Einstein-Estrada German immigrant who wrote President Roosevelt to convince him to build an atomic bomb before Germany did
Harry Truman-Estrada vice president who took over after FDR's death and used atomic bombs to convince Japan to surrender
Hiroshima & Nagasaki-Estrada 2 Japanese cities attacked with nuclear weapons by the US
Created by: wm0397