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Fresh Water

TermDefinition
Channel The path that a stream follows
Watershed The area of land that is drainage by a water system
Tributary A stream that flow in to a big steam
Divide The boundary between drainage areas that have streams that flow in opposite directions
Load The material carried by a stream
The continuous movement of water from the ocean to the atmosphere to the land and back to the ocean.
Evaporated
Takes place when water from the ocean and the Earths surface changes into water vapor. Energy from the sun cause evacuation. Water gains energy during evaporation
Precipitation Is rain snow sleet and hail that falls from the clouds onto the earth land and oceans.
Condensation Takes place when vapor cools and changes into water droplets that form clouds in the atmosphere. Water loses energy during condensation.
Runoff Is precipitation that flows over land into steams and rivers. This water later enters oceans.
Percolation Is the down ward movement of water through pore and other spaces in soil due too gravity.
Dissolve load Is material carried in solution which means that the material is dissolved in the water. Sodium and calcium are some of the materials are some of the material in the dissolved load
Bed load A stream can bounce large material such as pebbles and boulders along the stream bed. These rocks are called the bad load
Suspended load A stream can carry small rock and soil in suspension. These material called the suspended load makes a river look muddy
Water cycle
Artesian Spring A spring whose water flows from a crack in the cap rock over the aquifer.
Evaporation
Well A well must be drilled deep enough so that when the water table drops them the well still contains water.
Groundwater Tends to mover downslope towards lower elevations.
transpiration is the process where plants absorb water through the roots and then give off water vapor through pores in their leaves.
Water table The upper surface of underground water the upper boundary of the zone of saturation.
Porosity The percentage of the total volume of a rock or sediment that contains open spaces.
The ability of a rock or sediment to let fluids pass through its open space or pores.
Zone of aeration Rainwater passes through the upper zone of groundwater
Zone of saturation The water collects at the bottom of the groundwater.
Permeability
Created by: Cole.mulkey