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10th Amer His/ch 11

10th American History Chapter 11-World War 1

TermDefinition
nationalism a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
militarism the development of armed forces and their use as a tool diplomacy
allies consisted of France, Britain, and Russia
central powers an empire of mostly Middle Eastern lands controlled by the Turks
Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austrian throne.
"no mans land" a barren expanse of mud pockmarked with shell craters and filled with barbed wire
trench warfare in which armies fought for mere yards of ground continued for over three years
Lusitania sunk by a U-boat (British Liner)
Zimmerman Note a telegram form the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico that was intercepted by British aents
Selective Service Act required men to register with the government in order to be randomly selected for military service
convoy system a heavy guard of destroyers escorted merchant ships back and forth across the Atlantic in groups
American Expeditionary Force (AEF)
General John J. Pershing led the AEF
Alvin York fought in the Meuse-Argonne and became America's greatest hero
conscientious objector a person who oppose warfare on moral grounds, pointing our what Bible scripts to put in a book
armistice peace treaty or a truce to end a war
War Industries Board established in 1917 and reorganized in 1918
Bernard M. Baruch led the WIB and a prosperous business man
propaganda a biased communication designed to influence peoples thoughts and actions
George Creel head of the Committee on Public Information and as a former muckraker
Espionage and Sedition Acts a person could be fined up to $10,000 and sentenced to 20 years in jail for interfering with the war effort or for saying anything disloyal, profane, or abusive about the government or the war effort
Great Migration the large scale movement of hundreds of thousands of southern blacks to cities in the North
Fourteen Points speech before congress delivered on Jan 18, 1918
League of nations would provide a forum for nations to discuss and settle their grievances without having to resort to war
Georges Clemenceau lived through tow German invasions of France and was determined to prevent future invasions
David Lloyd George the British prime minister, had just won reelection on the slogan "Make Germany Pay"
Treaty of Versailles established nine new nations including Poland, Czechoslovakia, and the kingdom that later became Yugoslavia
reparations war damages
war-guilt clause forcing Germany to admit sole responsibility for starting World War 1
Henry Cabot Lodge were suspicious of the provision for joint economic and military action against aggression, even though it was voluntary
Created by: asimien907
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