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Ch. 4- pg. 76-93


fine particles of fertile soil left behind when the rivers flooded silt
a system that supplies dry land with water through ditches, pipes, or streams irrigation
a person who uses cuneiform to copy or write out documents; often a record keeper; very few people had this job scribe
world's first system of writing developed by the Sumerians; used wedge-shaped marks made in soft clay; used for keeping records cuneiform
a city that governs itself and its surrounding territory; independent; surrounded by mud walls and a gate city-state
a pyramid-shaped structure with a temple at the top; used for religious ceremonies; located in the center of a city-state ziggurat
a belief in more than one god; Sumerians believed the gods controlled EVERYTHING polytheism
a long poem that records the deeds of a legendary or real hero; the oldest one is about a hero called Gilgamesh epic
a group of lands controlled by one ruler; Sargon created the first one empire
a set of official laws code
a forced payment made to a ruler as a sign of surrender tribute
a political district within a larger country or empire; Assyrian kings created them to make ruling a large area easier province
a group of merchants traveling together for safety, usually with a large number of camels caravan
a person who studies planets and stars; the Chaldean ones mapped the stars, planets, and moon phases and also invented the first sundials and the seven-day week astronomer
an area of land that has geographic features that set it apart from other areas region
king that united the city-states of Sumer to create the first empire King Sargon
King of Babylon who created a code of law King Hammurabi
the modern country where Mesopotamia would be located today Iraq
epic poems written about this legendary hero Gilgamesh
the Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon Nebuchadnezzar
the "land between the rivers" Mesopotamia
a group of people who had a large and powerful army; they won battles because of their iron weapons Assyrians
the amount that is left over after a need has been met; Mesopotamians were able to trade because of it surplus
a system that divides people into classes based on the jobs they perform; highest rank at the top; lowest rank at the bottom social classes
Created by: wtrms6ss



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