Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 16

TermDefinition
caravel a light, fast sailing ship with a rudder and lateen sails
Henry the Navigator son of King John I of Portugal, patron and supporter of explorers
Vasco da Gama Portuguese explorer who traveled to Calicut, India in 1497
Christopher Columbus Italian sailor who traveled west to reach China but discovered islands in the Caribbean
Ferdinand Magellan first explorer to attempt the circumnavigate the globe; while he was killed on the way, some of his sailors completed the journey
cirgumnavigate travel completely around the world
Sir Francis Drake English explorer, second man to circumnavigate the globe
Harry Hudson Dutch sailor who looked unsuccessfully for the Northwest Passage and explored the river that is now named after him
encomienda Spanish system in which a colonist received land and Native American workers to whom he was required to teach Christianity
Hernan Cortes Spanish explorer and conqueror of Mexico's Aztec empire
conquistador Spanish term for conqueror; name for Spanish military leaders who fought against the native peoples of the Americas
Moctezuma II Aztec emperor at the time of Cortes's conquest of Mexico
Francisco Pizarro conqueror of Inca Empire in Peru for the Spanish
Atahualpa ruler of Inca Empire killed by Spanish invaders led by Pizarro
viceroys officials who ruled large area of Spain's American colonies in the king's name
Bartolome de Las Casas Spanish priest who criticized treatment of Native Americans, suggesting that slaves from Africa be used as laborers instead
Treaty of Tordesillas treaty signed in 1493 dividing the Americas between Spain and Portugal along an imaginary line
Colombian Exchange the exchange of plants, animals, and diseases due to contact between the peoples of Europe
mercantilism the European economic policy that called for nations to gain weatlh in order to build a strong military and expand influence
balance of trade the amount of goods sold by a country against those purchased from other countries; a favorable balance of trade meant selling more goods than were bought
subsidies grants of money given by the governments for purposes such as helping people start a new business
capitalism economic system in which private individuals rather than governments perform most of the economic activity, with the goal of making a profit
joint-stock company a company in which investors buy shares of stock, receiving a portion of the profits but only losing the amount of their investment if it failed
plantation estates in the Americas where cash crops were grown on a large scale
triangular trade trading network that brought goods from Europe to Africa to be traded for slaves, took the slaves to the Americas to be sold, then brought American goods back to Europe
Middle Passage name for the second leg of the triangle, bringing captive Africans to the Americas, where they were sold as slaves
Olaudah Equiano African who wrote about the horrific conditions Africans endured on Middle Passage voyages
African Diaspora the spread of African descent throughout the Americas and Western Europe as a result of the slave trade, eventually spreading African culture throughout the Western world
Created by: tinsleylett
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards