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Civil War Causes

Vocabulary Cards pg. 81

TermDefinition
Cotton Gin Machine invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 that quickly removed seeds from the Cotton Fibers.
Compromise of 1850 Compromise between the North and South that allowed California to enter the union in exchange for the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act
Dred Scott Case - 1857 Supreme Court Ruling that declared slaves were not citizens of the United States.
Election of 1860 Election where Abraham Lincoln defeated three opponents to win the presidency; upon Lincoln's election southern states seceded from the Union.
Free States States where slavery was not legal
Fugitive Slave Act 1850 Act that required runaway slaves to be returned to their masters if caught anywhere in the United States
Georgia Platform Position supported by several prominent Georgia politicians (Alexander Stephens) who supported the Compromise of 1850.
Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United States, Lincoln preserved the Union during the U.S. Civil War and brought about the freeing of the Slaves.
Missouri Compromise 1820 Compromise that brought Missouri into the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state; in addition, congress banned slavery north of the 36.30 line of latitude.
Nullification The act of making legally null and void
Nullification Crisis When South Carolina refused to enforce a federal tariff. Andrew Jackson threatened to invade if they didn't.
Tariff A tax on imported and exported goods.
Secession The act of separating from a nation or state and becoming independent; the withdrawal of eleven southern states from the Union in 1860-1861.
Slave State State where slavery was legal.
Slavery Involuntary servitude of African-Americans or Blacks in the U.S from 1619-1865.
States' Rights The belief that a state's sovereignty is more important than that of the national government.
Alexander Stephens Important Georgia politician who was a U.S. Senator, Georgia Governor, and Vice-President of the Confederate States of America.
Kansas-Nebraska Act Said that the territories of Kansas and Nebraska could use popular sovereignty to decide if they were free or slave.
Popular Sovereignty The idea of letting people vote to decide on an issue, particularly as it relates to whether a territory would be slave or free.
Created by: mtm45088