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Canada in the 1700’s

TermDefinition
Seigneur rented to fore a small fee -The Seigneur would be responsible for building a house and flour mill on the seigneury -The Seigneur would divide one large piece of land into smaller sections to be rented
Habitants French settlers farmed a small land about the size of a football field. learned to fish, hunt, harvest timber, trap animals -Habitants would pay rent to seigneur in crops or cash habitants would do unpaid labour for the seigneura few days each year
Coureurs De Bois Runners of the Woods”– French Explorers. – Went into the forests of New France to trade FUR with the First Nations. –Many of the men chose to live with the First Nations First Nations, sometimes the Coureurs De Bois would marry the Chief’s daughter.
Voyageurs Professional canoeists who worked for the trading companies -The Voyageurs could NOT trade or sell furs and goods. -The job was transport the furs through the narrow waterways to larger ships so that they could be sent back and made into goods.
The Jesuits Primary role was to spread the Catholic faith and beliefs in New France -Built a school for boys -Built Catholic churches that supported the community in New France -Unknowingly carried disease to the First Nations people that wiped out entire tribes
Ursuline Nuns Primary role was to spread the Catholic faith and beliefs -Built schools for girls in New France -Built and ran hospitals
King Louis XIV -Established a Royal Colony in New France -Organized the settlement of New France including Mercantilism. -He was an Absolute Monarch (we will learn more about this soon)
Created by: samcat