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2B-Causes AmerRev

2B-Causes of the American Revolution

TermDefinition
mercantilism raw materials from colonies used to produce finished goods by home country
The Proclamation of 1763 law to stop colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mts.
Sugar Act lowered tax on molasses in an effort to stop colonial smuggling
Quartering Act law that forced colonists to house British soldiers and pay for their supplies
Stamp Act tax on printed materials; affected most colonists in the cities
Declaratory Act stated Parliament had the right to make laws for the British colonies
Townshend Acts taxed imported goods--glass paint, paper, & lead
Boston Massacre British soldiers shot colonists in self-defense
Boston Tea Party extreme protest of the Tea Act carried out by the Boston Sons of Liberty; resulted in the Intolerable Acts
Intolerable Acts laws meant to punish Boston for the Tea Party inc. closing port of Boston and banning town meetings
Patrick Henry Virginia member of House of Burgesses; stated "If this be treason, make the most of it."
Benjamin Franklin Postmaster General; political leader from Philadelphia, PA
John Adams represented the soldiers in the Boston Massacre
Sam Adams started the Sons of Liberty in Boston
John Hancock member of Sons of Liberty and signer of the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson political leader from Virginia who wrote the Declaration of Independence
Sons of Liberty organized protests against colonial tax laws passed by Parliament that were sometimes violent
Thomas Paine wrote "Common Sense"
Common Sense popular pamphlet that persuaded colonists to support independence from Britain
Battle at Lexington British soldiers passed through on their way to Concord; believed Hancock and Sam Adams were hiding there
Battle at Concord British soldiers destroyed colonial arsenal of weapons
Capture of Ft. TIconderoga British fort that was surrendered; colonists gained military supplies
Battle at Bunker Hill Britain won, but only because the colonist ran out of ammunition
George Washington chosen to lead the Continental army
Benedict Arnold Captain in Connecticut militia; seized Ft. Ticonderoga
propaganda a distortion of the truth designed to influence an opinion
Crispus Attucks runaway slave that died at the Boston Massacre
smuggling illegally import goods to avoid paying the tax
writs of assistance legal document allowed customs officials to search for smuggled goods
writs of assistance colonists felt this violated their right to be secure in their own homes
effigies rag figures representing tax collectors that were burned by protestors
Patrick Henry stated "Give me liberty, or give me death" in speech at the 2nd Continental Congress
Parliament British law-makers
Daughters of Liberty boycotted goods previously imported from Britain; started making their own cloth and other products
Sugar Act accused smugglers sent to naval court; no trial by jury
boycott refuse to buy goods
repeal take away a law
Patriots colonists who were in favor of independence from Britain
Loyalists colonists who wanted to remain British
Battle at Bunker Hill showed Britain that the colonists were going to be hard to defeat
The Continentals colonial soldiers fighting for independence
Continental Congress delegates from the colonies who worked together to challenge British control
George III British King who reigned during the American Revolution
Parliament made laws for the British empire
Olive Branch Petition colonial message to King George III of their desire to have peace
Created by: SDMS-Swain