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Unit 2 Government

QuestionAnswer
The founding fathers of US government got the idea of direct democracy from the__________ Greeks
When population is too high for everyone to cast a vote on everything to be decided upon it’s easier to choose representatives to cast votes for a larger group this is called representative democracy developed by the________. 2)Romans
________Developed the idea of the social contract between the government and people Jean Rousseau
_________ __________ wrote “ common sense” which argued that the British colonist should overthrow their king. He was inspired by _____ _____of the enlightenment era. 1) Thomas Paine 2) John Lock
Today, the idea from the enlightenment time period of dividing of powers of government into different branches can be seen in the_______ 2) U.S. constitution
European ______ __ ______ wrote of the benefits of dividing or ________ _______ in a government into multiple branches during the ____________ ___. 1) Baron De Montesquieu 2)separating powers 3)Enlightenment Era
our founding fathers make reference to humans having natural rights in the _________ __ ______written to the king of England. 2) Declaration of Independence
Today the US Constitution has the underlying principle of self government through voting. This idea is also seen in the FIRST PLAN OF SELF GOVERNMENT found in the New World known as the________ ________. 3) Mayflower Compact
Weaknesses in the articles of confederation are due to the lack of power in the _________ government. 3) Federal
The articles of confederation created a national currency problem because it allowed ____ _____to print money. 2) each state
One major problem With the articles of confederation was due to the Federal government not having the ability to ____ _____. 3) Levy taxes
Under the articles of confederation the federal government lacked the ability to ____ _ ______ ____. 2) Fund a standing army
The articles of confederation created only a ________ _____. 2) legislative branch
Nothing could never be fixed in the articles of confederation because it required a _______vote of yes. 2) unanimous
The articles of confederation was done away with to create a constitution based on_________. 2) federalism
_______Is the sharing of powers between a strong federal government and weaker state governments. 1) federalism
Powers taken from the state governments and delegates to the federal government are called _______ powers. 3) enumerated
Powers that belong to the state are called ________ powers. 2) reserved
Powers not granted to any government and are retained by the people are called _______ powers. Denied
Because the constitution says that it is the federal government duty to regulate interstate trade the regulation of airports allowing the importation and exportation of goods across United States is an ______power Implied
Alexander Hamilton felt the federal government had the right to create a national bank. This makes him a_______. Federalist
Because both the federal and state governments need an income to run the government the ability to tax is a ________ power. Concurrent
The ability to sign treaties with foreign nations or declare war on a foreign nation is a ________ power. Delegated
The marriage laws in a states constitution may differ from state to state this is possible because the creation of marriage laws is a _______ power. Reserved
The US Constitution forbids any person from being declared royalty or nobility the inability to do this is due to_______ powers. Denied
The belief in divine right to rule by king began to go away while a belief in natural rights became the most accepting way of thinking during the___ __ _________. Age of Enlightenment
The largest to be at the constitutional convention was over the issue of _________ in the legislative branch Representation
Today the legislative branch consist of two houses the upper house is the ________ with equal representation making small states happy Senate
The creation of today’s legislative branch is the work of Connecticut delegate________ _________ Robert Sherman
If two states have similar counts of their population then they will have an _____number of votes in the Senate and House of Representatives Equal
The 3/5 compromise solve debates by allowing southern states to count _____ __ _____ _________ when determining representation and taxation. Part of their population
Do you The trade compromise allowed for individual states to regulate trade within their state. Supporters of this policy are called ____ ________. Anti federalists
Those who favored ratification of the new constitution were… Federalists
The opposition to the new constitution called for a… Bill of rights
Each time the Constitution is changed an (__________) Is added Amendment
Enough states finally ratified the Constitution after the 10th amendment which reserved powers to the state governments to make laws and guarantee liberties not ____________ In the federal constitution Expressed
The founding fathers wrote the preamble at the beginning of the constitution explaining the… Reasons for writing it
To promote the general welfare to ensure domestic tranquility and to provide for the common defense explains the need for federal… Taxation
To establish justice explains the need for… Blank… Of government Three branches
The best way to help a political party get into office is to what? Campaign
Income taxes are collected on what? Federal and state levels
The following describes the legislative branch:’ Bicameral, two houses, Congress
The highest court of the United States is the federal… Supreme court
The house of Representatives is based on what? Population
Luisi Anna has seven US representatives, Louisiana has nine members in the federal congress because each state has blank senators Two
When your president receive the bill that he may do the following: Approve pocket or veto
Two pocket a bill is too blank it without signing it Approve
If the president vetoes a bill the legislative branch can blank the veto Override
Another word for and direct democracy is… Representative democracy
Parliament is a _________ branch of government. Legislative
Each term for a president last _ years 4
Taxes are beneficial be they create what? Infrastructure
In excise tax adds a blank tax on certain products to keep from taxing necessary products even more EXTRA
A strong federal government and weaker state governments is a system of government known as what? Federalism
Laws r important bcuz It limits those who govern, protects those who are governed, and limit those who are governed
The judicial branch rolling a bill unconstitutional is an example of… Checks and balances
As citizens we have all of the following duties: Obey laws pay taxes and attend school
The statement in the preamble, “to ensure domestic tranquility, “ Means the federal government must keep what of our nation? Peace among the people
The US census is taken every how many years? 10
An example of a special interest group would be an? Environmentalist
An example of a peaceful way to resolve a political conflict (Civil disobedience) is to ? Boycott
When the American colonies refused to purchase tea from England they were what? Boycotting
The creation of our two house legislator is an example of a… Compromise
When England Concord and colonize North America they were practicing what? Imperialism
When the US avoided the first half of world war 2, they practiced what? Neutrality
Nationalism is associated with... Patriotism
A tax break for foreign import is an economic what? Incentive
To become a citizen one must go through the what Naturalization process
If a father mother and child came to the US from Mexico and the mother gain citizenship the what automatically because this US citizen with her Kid
The word “general” in “to promote the general welfare her” from the preamble refers to the what People
Article 6 of the US Constitution states that the federal government has ultimate what over the states? Authority
The only political office requiring the person holding it to be born in the US is the Presidency
The president must be at least 35 years old in May only serve to terms of what years each 4
A request from a local government for higher property taxes is typically used to fund what Schools
A senator must be at least 30 in may serve in a limited number of how many terms 6
Supreme court justices may serve for… Life
The freedoms is it in amendment one are: Speech press religion assembly and separation of church and state
Most of the rights in the Bill of Rights have to do with the rights of the… Accused
Created by: Michaela:)