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Chapter 6 Revolution

What is a loyalist? colonist that fights for the British.
What is a patriot? colonist that fights for America's independence
Hessian German hired soldiers
Benjamin Franklin's role in the early years of the war To gain foreign support for the patriots
Congress stopped printing money because of... Inflation
Fredrich Wilhelm von Steuben Helped train the patriot forces and turned their confidence around
Harsh living conditions during winter of 1778 at Valley Forge spoiled food, lack of clothing, lack of space, lack of shelter
Native Americans fought primarily for which side? Loyalist
Who was the "hair buyer?" Henry Hamilton
Why did the British focus on the South? The South had more loyalist support
How did the British blockade effect the Patriots? Supplies and troops failed to reach Patriot forces
Battle of Yorktown George Washington defeats Charles Cornwallis on October 19, 1781
Treaty of Paris Signed September 3, 1783
Patriot advantages over loyalist Home field advantage, motivation of independence, expert wilderness fighters, help from foreign countries
Mercenary hired gun
Inflation Too much money and not enough gold/silver to back it
Blockade keeping ships from leaving or entering harbors
Privateer privately owned merchant ships ship equipped with weapons
Seige an attempt to force surrender by blocking the movement of people or goods into or out of a place
Ratify to approve officially
Ambush an attack in which the attacker hides and surprises the enemy
Saratoga Turning point of the war
After this battle, the British realized that defeating the Americans was not going to be easy Bunker Hill
Charles Town Worst defeat of Americans
Casmir Pulaski Polish man who died fighting with the Continental Army
First American Naval hero John Paul Jones
Executed for spying on the British Nathan Hale
Known for his imaginative war tactics Francis Marion
Created by: mccrears