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Chapter 8 Review

From Confederation to Constitution

A system of government where people delegate power to elected representatives. Republic
What was the first plan of government for the United States? The Articles of Confederation
Under the Articles of Confederation, what powers did the national government have? The power to wage war, make peace, sign treaties, and issue money.
Who had the most power under the Articles of Confederation? The states
What were some of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? Congress lacked power to enforce laws, levy taxes, and regulate trade between the states.
This uprising was led by farmers from Massachusetts who were unable to pay their debts. Shay's Rebellion
What was the initial purpose of the Constitutional Convention? To fix/amend the Articles of Confederation.
Who was elected president of the Constitutional Convention? George Washington
Which plan proposed at the Constitutional Convention favored states with large populations? The Virginia Plan
According to the Virginia Plan, the number of representatives for each state would be based on what? The population of each state.
Which plan proposed at the convention favored states with smaller populations? The New Jersey Plan
According to the New Jersey Plan, representation in Congress was based on what? Equal representation, regardless of state population.
The debate between large and small states was settled by the _____________. Great Compromise
According to the Great Compromise, how many houses would there be in the Legislative Branch? 2 - The Senate and the House of Representatives
Representation in the Senate is based on _____________. Equal representation (2 senators per state)
Representation in the House of Representatives is based on ____________. The population of each state.
Which states wanted to count their slaves towards their overall state population? The Southern states
What was the Three Fifths Compromise? It settled the dispute over whether or not slaves could be counted towards state population. States could count 3/5 of its slaves for representation in Congress.
A system of government where power is shared between a central government and state governments. Federalism
People who supported the Constitution. Federalists
People who opposed the Constitution. Antifederalists
Why did some states oppose the Constitution? It gave more power to the central government and lacked a bill of rights.
What were the Federalist Papers? A series of letters written in response to attacks against the Constitution.
Who wrote the Federalist Papers? James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay
Who suggested and wrote the Bill of Rights? James Madison
How many branches of government are established in the U.S. Constitution? 3
The Executive Branch will be headed by a ______________. President
Created by: jannasnyder



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