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Age of Exploration

study Guide

Marco Polo was a Venetian merchant believed to have journeyed across Asia at the height of the Mongol Empire. He first set out at age 17 with his father and uncle, traveling overland along what later became known as the Silk Road.
Christopher Columbus The explorer that made four trips across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain: in 1492, 1493, 1498 and 1502. He was determined to find a direct water route west from Europe to Asia, but he never did. Instead, he accidentally stumbled upon the Americas.
Ferdinand Magellan Ferdinand Magellan set out from Spain in 1519 with a fleet of five ships to discover a western sea route to the Spice Islands. En route he discovered what is now known as the Strait of Magellan and became the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean.
Hernando Cortes was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who defeated the Aztec empire and claimed Mexico for Spain. He first set sail to the New World at the age of 19. Cortés later joined an expedition to Cuba. In 1518, he set off to explore Mexico.
Lost Colony The Roanoke Colony, also known as the Lost Colony, was established in 1585 on Roanoke Island in what is today's Dare County, North Carolina.
which of the following did not aid the Spanish in conquering the Aztecs? larger forces
what was Columbus' new title when he traveled to the "New World" for a second time? Empire Builder
What did Vasco da Gama succeed in gaining for Portugal? a sea between Portugal and India
Which was the name of the first permanent English settlement in North America? jamestown
How was Africa affected by the Atlantic slave trades? Many cultures lost their fittest members, and families were toen apart.
How did prince Henry of Portugal influence exploration He founded a navigational school on the coast of Portugal.
According to the policy of mercantilism, how could a nation increase its wealth? It should sell more goods than it buys from other countries.
As part of the Colombian Exchange, which of the following was carried west across the Atlantic? Potatoes
What treaty divided the world for Portugal and Spain with an imaginary line? Treaty of Tordesillas
What economic interest did the Dutch and French have in claiming lands in the New world? fur trade
What did Europeans see Africans as a better a source of labor than Native Americans? Africans had complete immunity to all diseases, so they wouldn't die off
What was one result of the loss of native lives to disease? a severe shortage of labor in the colonies.
What country was the first to established a sea trade route to Asia? Portugal
What was the main motive for the French to established New France? building a fur trade
which was the first English settlement in New World? Roanoke
Who named the "New World" after Amerigo Vespucci in 1507 German mapmaker
In the 1400s, what was the most important trade good from East? Spices
Which country led the way for European exploration? Spain
Bartolomeu Dias captained the first European ship to sail what route? the southern tip of Africa
why did the English want to take control of New Netherlands? The Dutch and the English were longtime enemies; New Netherlands was a "Dutch wedge".
why is Christopher Columbus such a mystery Columbus’s personal timeline has been so enigmatic that both Seville, Spain and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic lay claim to the explorer’s remains.
Who was Virginia Dare Virginia Dare was the first English-born child in the Americas.
How has the legacy of Christopher Columbus changed over the last 100 years? Turn Good to Bad
Created by: matthewm2022



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