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Social Studies

Benchmark

TermDefinition
Free Enterprise An economic system in which private business operates in competition and largely free of state control.
Embargo A official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
Natural Resources Materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.
GDP Gross domestic product is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period of time
Constitution Rules that govern a state or organization.
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments of the United States constitution.
Declaration Of Independence Made July 4, 1776 to declare independence from Britan and to
Judicial Review Review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
Checks and Balances A counter balancing influences by which a organization or system is regulated, typically for those ensuring equal power.
Federalism A federal principle or system of government.
Congress A national legislative body, especially for the US.
Representative Government A type of democracy found on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people.
Communism A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading in which all property is publicly owned.
Monarchy A form of government with a Monarch in charge.
Polytheistic The worship of or belief in a multiple deities, which are usally assembled into a pantheon of gods or goddesses.
NAFTA A agreement signed by Mexico, Canada, and the US creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. (January 1, 1994)
Subsistence Farming Is a self-sufficieny farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves.
Mestizos A man mixed race, especially the offspring of a Spaniard an a American Indian.
Deforestation The action of clearing a wide area of trees.
Cash Crop A crop produced fir its commercial value rather than for use for the grower.
Columbian Exchange Was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human, population, technology, and ideas between he Americans and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Cultural Diffusion Spreading of knowledge and ideas between cultures.
Treaty of Tordesillas A agreement which dictated where Spain and Portugal could set up colonies in the America's.
Legislative Branch Made up of the two houses to the congress, the House of Representatives the most important thing for the branch to do is make laws.
Executive Branch Holds the President the Vice President and the Cabinet and their important job is enforcing laws.
Judicial Branch Power is vested in the Supreme Court and their important job is to interpret and apply laws.
Dictatorship A form of government where a country is ruled by one person or political entity, and exercised through various mechanisms to ensure the entity's power remains strong.
Created by: grannydanny
 

 



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