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Chapter 10

Muslum Culture

2.What event in the life of Muhammad signaled the beginning of Islam? Events: Capturing Mecca, going to Hijrah, and the divine revelations. Beliefs: Allah, the five pillars, the tolerance of Jews and Christians. Sources of Authority: Allah, Qur'an, and Sunna
3.Why was Mecca an important city in western Arabia? Mecca was an important city in western Arabia because this became the center of trade and the site of the Ka'aba.
4.What are the five pillars of Islam? The five pillars of Islam were faith, prayer, alms, fasting, and pilgrimage.
5.Why did Muslims consider Christians and Jews "people of the book"? Muslims consider Christians and Jews "people of the book" because they both have holy books that compare to the Qur'an.
6.How did the beliefs and practices of Islam create unity and strength among Muslims in the 600s? -language -Shari'a laws -alms giving
7.In what why are the teachings or Muslims similar to those of the Christians and Jews? mall 3 believed in heaven, hell and the day of judgement they all believe in the same god (different names) but Muslims don't believe Jesus is the son of God but a prophet the words of Allah in the quaran are similar to the teachings in the Christians
8.In what ways are the teachings of the Muslims similar to those of Christians and Jews? They all serve one God, also believe in the prophets
Which period of rule do you think was most effective? Rightly guided caliphs, because they although lost some Islamic people gained more during that period of time. The Umayyads were not far behind them though, because they face rise in a fundamental division in the Muslim community, while Abbasids I think
How did Muslims under the rightly guided caliphs treat conquered peoples? allowed conquered peoples to follow their own religion (Qur'an forbade forced conversion)people of the book received special consideration: paid yearly poll tax in exchange for exemption from military dutiesnot allowed to spread their religions, but could
Why did the Shi'a oppose the rule of the Umayyads? They believed that the caliph needed to be a descendant of Muhammad.
What tied the Abbasid caliphate and the independent Muslim states together? They were still connected to the Abbasid caliphate through religion, language, trade, and the economy.
Do you think Muhammad should have appointed a successor? Why or why not No; because if Muhammad appointed a successor caliphs wouldn't have been created, the three groups of Muslims wouldn't have formed, and the expansion would probably have taken longer.
What attracted non-Muslims to Islam and Islamic culture? Many people were persecuted under the Byzantine of Sassanid rule because they didn't support the official state religions, Christianity and Zoroastrianism. They often accepted Islam because of its message of equality and hope in the world.
What does opposition to the luxurious life of the Umayyads suggest about what is important to most Muslims? That money was more important than the religion because it wasn't only the religious opposition that led to the downfall was also political opposition. It was used carelessly.
Created by: Julia.megan