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history test


patent A government authority or liscense conferring A right or title for A set period especially the sole right to exlude others from making, or selling an invention.
philanthropy The desire to promote the welfare of others expressed especially by the generous donation of money to good causes.
laissez faire A policy that says that the government should not interfere with the workings of the free market.
stock The capital raised by A small buisness through the issue and subscription of shares.
samuel gompers Was A key leader in the labor movement.
Scabs A person who works even if people are striking.
Closed Shop When buisness hire people that are in unions.
socialism A political theory that advocates ownership of the means of production, such as factories and farms by the people.
Labor Hard, physical work.
Piecework work paid for accountingto the ammount produced.
Yellow dog contracts A contract that says that A worker would not join a union as long as they work for the Buisness hwo made them sign it.
Bread and Butter unions the basic focus most labor unions that gompors made his efforts in wages benefits hours and working conditions.
Lockout temporary work stoppage or denial of employment initiated by managment during A labor dispute.
Management The process of dealing with or controlling things or people.
strike A labor action in wich workes refuse to go to work.
pinkertons Pinkerton National Detective Agency, is a private security guard and detective agency established in the United States.
Command Economy an economy in which production, investment, prices, and incomes are determined centrally by a government.
collective bargining negotiation of wages and other conditions of employment by an organized body of employees.
Free market economy a free market is a system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers not the government.
steerage The open are below A steamships main deck.
pull factors an attraction that draws imigrants to another place.
push factors Problem that causes people to migrate to another place.
Ellis Island The port of entry for most European immigrants in NY arriving between 1892-1954.
natism The policy of favoring the interest of native born americans over those of imigrants.
Angel Island The port of entry for most Asain immigrants arriving in sanfrancisco between 1910-1940.
New colossus "The New Colossus" is a sonnet that American poet Emma Lazarus wrote in 1883 to raise money for the construction of the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty.
ghettos Part of A city in a slum area.
closed immigration policy The practice of not allowing someone or something into your country.
White Flight the move of white city dwellers to suburbs to escape the flow of minorities.
Bossism a situation in which a political party is controlled by party managers.
Urbanization the process of making an area more urban.
Social Gospel Movement The Social Gospel Movement was a religious movement that arose during the second half of the nineteenth century. Ministers, especially ones belonging to the Protestant branch of Christianity, began to tie salvation and good works together.
Settlement Houses an institution in an inner-city area providing educational, recreational, and other social services to the community, but mostly to immigrants.
Exhortion the practice of obtaining something, especially money, through force or threats
Graft practices, especially bribery, used to secure illicit gains in politics or business; corruption.
Political machines A political machine is a political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses (usually campaign workers), who receive rewards for their efforts.
Civil Services the permanent professional branches of a government's administration, excluding military and judicial branches and elected politicians.
patronage Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another.
william Marcy "boss' tweed William Magear Tweed, often erroneously referred to as "William Marcy Tweed" and widely known as "Boss" Tweed—was an American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall
James garfield James Abram Garfield was the 20th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1881, until his assassination later that year.
Terrence Powderly An American labor union leader, politician and attorney, best known as head of the Knights of Labor in the late 1880s.
Social Darwinism the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals.
Trust A trust or corporate trust is an American English term for a large business with significant market power. It is often used in a historical sense to refer to monopolies or near-monopolies in the United States during the Second Industrial Revolution .
Cartel A cartel is an organization created from a formal agreement between a group of producers of a good or service to regulate supply in an effort to regulate or manipulate prices.
Capital Capital refers to financial assets or the financial value of assets, such as funds held in deposit accounts, as well as the tangible machinery and production equipment used in environments such as factories and other manufacturing facilities.
Corporation A company or group of people authorised to act as A singular entity.
Clayton Anti-Trust act Clarified the sherman act
Sherman Anti-trust act A law that committed the u.s. gov. to opposing monopolies.
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