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U.S. History 10/25

TermDefinition
Great Depression A period lasting from 1929-1940 in which the U.S. economy was in severe decline and millions of Americans were unemployed.
Dust Bowl The region, including Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico, that was made worthless for farming by drought and dust storms during the 1930’s.
John Steinbeck Writer during the Great Depression who wrote The Grapes of Wrath. Depicted the plight of the poor tenant farmers who lost everything during the dust bowl
New Deal President Franklin Roosevelt's program to alleviate the problems of the Great Depression, focusing on relief for the needy, economic recovery and financial reform .
Franklin Roosevelt Elected President in1932 who introduced a New Deal program to get the economy moving again.
Fireside Chats President Roosevelt used the radio to speak directly to the American people. He explained his policies in simple conversational terms.
Eleanor Roosevelt A political activist, who served as the eyes and ears to her husband, President Roosevelt.
Social Security Act A law in 1935 to provide aid to retirees, the unemployed, people with disabilities and families with dependent children
Glass-Steagall Banking Act This law in 1933 established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation(FDIC) to protect individual bank accounts.
Court Packing Roosevelt adapted a plan to appoint six supreme court justices giving him control over the court. His scheme was condemn by the public and rejected by Congress.
Federal Home Loan Bank Act A law in 1931 that lowered home mortgage rates and allowed farmers to refinance their loans and avoid foreclosure.
Federal Securities Act A law in 1933 that required corporations to provide complete accurate information on all stock offerings.
Deficit Spending A government’s spending of more money than it receives in revenue .
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) A law in 1933 to raise crop prices by paying farmers to leave a certain amount of their land unplanted, thus lowering production
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) An agency established as part of the New Deal, that put young unemployed men to work building roads, developing parks, planting trees and helping in erosion-control and flood control projects.
Securities and Exchange Commission An agency created in 1934 that monitors the stock market and enforces laws regulating the sale of stocks and bonds.
Works Progress Administration A agency established as apart of the Second New Deal, that provided the unemployed with jobs in construction, garment making, teaching, the arts and other fields.
Wagner Act (NLRB) A law– also known as the National Labor Relations Act in 1935 to protect workers’ rights after the Supreme Court declared the National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional
Frances Perkins First female member of the US Cabinet when she was appointed Secretary of Labor. She played a key role in the passage of a number of labor laws.
National Recovery Act A Law in 1933 to established codes of fair practices for industries and to promote industrial growth. (NIRA
Direct Relief The giving of money or food by the government directly to needy people.
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) A federal corporation established in 1933 to construct dams and power plants in the Tennessee Valley region to generate electricity as well as to prevent floods.
Welfare State Government that assumes responsibility for providing the welfare of the poor, sick, elderly, and unemployed
Mexican Repatriation Act Law that forced people of Mexican descent to return to Mexico, which in many cases was carried out without due process
National Industrial Recovery Act A law enacted in 1933 to establish codes of fair practice for industries and to promote industrial growth
Created by: JalilHudson11
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