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History of the World

Chapter 2- From Sumer to Canaan

Abraham The father of the nation of Israel
Sargon the Great The Akkadian king who conquered the Sumerians
Hammurabi The king of Babylon who united all the Meopotamia under his rule.
Joseph Jacob's son who was sold into slavery by his brothers
Middle East A part of the world where the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe meet
Ur One of the most important cities of the land of Sumer, the city where God called Abraham to leave.
Fertile Cresent An area in the Middle East known for its ability to grow crops .
Tigris River One of the two great rivers in the Fertile Cresent. It's name means "arrow".
Euphrates River One of the two great rivers in the Fertile Cresent. It's name means "that makes fruitful".
Mesopotamia The land between and immediately around teh Tigris and Euphrates. Means "land between the rivers".
Canaan The center of the ancient world.
Megiddo The valley also called Armageddon that will be the last battleground of world history.
dispersion The scattering of people over the earth
cuneiform wedge-shaped writing
polytheist one who worships many gods
monotheist one who worships only one god
humanist one who makes men into gods
Anu The god of the sky
ziggurat A tower built in tiers or stages, each stage smaller than the one beneath, all atop a large mound of clay and debris.
Nanna The moon god that supposedly owned the city of Ur.
empire Rule by one city or people over other cities or peoples
bureaucracy A group of people appointed by a ruler to help him govern
Shamash The sun god who supposedly gave Hammurabi authority to make his code of laws.
laws Rules people follow in living together.
promulgation Making the laws known.
equality under the law All people who commit the same crime should be punished the same way.
Marduk The chief god of Babylon who became the king of all the gods.
Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
nation-state A nation or people living in its own land with its own government.
Baal The chief god of the Canaanites
What is the thread that we can follow through world history? God's plan for mankind
How does the dispersion make studying history more difficult? So many people in so many places cannot all be studied at the same time.
What does B.C. stand for? before the birth of Christ
What does A.D. mean? anno Domini, which is a Latin phrase for "in the year of our Lord."
What does a c. before a date indicate? approximate date
What event is the greatest turning point of history? Christ's first coming
Where was Abraham living when God called him to a new land around 2000 B.C.? Ur
Explain the term Fertile Cresecent. A region known for its ability to grow crops and because its shape resembles a crescent moon
What made the eastern part of the region fertile? The Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers
What was the Sumerians' greatest accomplishment? Writing
How did the Sumerian gods differ from the one true God? They personified forces of nature such as wind and rain or objects of nature such as the sky, sun, and moon and worshipped them as gods.
Why did the Sumerians strive to please their gods? They believed that men had been created to serve these powerful gods who could bring good or bad things upon them.
Why did war and struggle exist between Sumerian cities? The king demanded obedience by claiming to be the particular slave favored by the god. Anyone who refused to support the king risked bringing the god's wrath upon the whole city.
Why did war and struggle exist between Sumerian cities? Kings often aspired to rule over other cities, just as some gods wished to rule over other gods.
What was God's promise to Abraham? That his name would be great, for he would be the father of a great nation.
What did Abraham's faith begin? Laid the foundation for a new nation
Which city was the center of the great empire that rose up a free hundred years after Abraham's time? Babylon
Who became king of Babylon und united all of Mesopotamia under his rule? Hammurabi
Who supposedly authorized Hammurabi to be a lawgiver? Shamash
What are laws? Rules people follow in living together.
Why is it important that laws be written down? So that ignorance will not be an excuse for disobedience.
Did Hammurabi's laws treat the rich and the poor the same? He put a much lower value on human life. In his laws, material possessions were the most important things therefore the rich received special treatment
Who are the Patriarchs? Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
How long did the Patriarchs live in Canaan? 230 yrs
What is a nation-state? A nation or a people living in its own land with its own government.
How did the lack of a central, unified government in Canaan help Israel? It made it easier for Israel to develop as a nation during the time of the Patriarchs and to establish a nation-state after her years in Egypt
Give one example of God's judgment on the lustful people of Canaan. The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
What one thing made the Patriarchs stand out from the Canaanites? Their recognition of the one true God.
How were the Patriarchs similar to the Canaanites? They were nomads. They also followed many of the same customs in matters of inheritance, marriage contracts, children, and land.
How were the Patriarchs different then the Canaanites? They always maintained their faith in the promises of God and enjoyed a unique relationship with God.
Created by: arisehaiti