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Chapter 9&10

TermDefinition
Artisans Skilled, experienced craft workers.
Putting-out system Assigning certain families a task in the production of a product.
Samuel Slater Came from Britain to the US and made the US's first factory, illegally escaped Britain.
Francis Cabot Lowell Created the Boston Manufacturing Company based on mills he toured in Britain.
Labor Theory of Value The idea that the value of a product should accurately reflect the labor needed to produce it,
Thomas Skidmore founder of the Working Men's Party, argued that people shouldn't be imprisoned for debt.
Ohio Fever The movement of thousands of New Englanders into the Ohio territory.
Land Office Government offices overseeing the sale of land.
Specie "Hard Money" like gold and silver.
Second Bank of the United States 1819, Increased inflation and citizen speculation.
Panic of 1819 A drastic economic depression in 1819, agricultural products fall and businesses failed.
The Land Law of 1820 Lowered the price of land to $1.25 per acre and allowed smaller plots to be sold.
The Relief Act of 1821 Allowed Ohioans to return land they bought from the government to pay off some of their debts.
Cotton Gin Invented by Eli Whitney, patented in 1749. Eli hoped it would decrease slavery but it did the opposite.
Machine Tools Whitney's devices that cut and shaped metal into parts for machines.
Steam Engine Invented by Robert Fulton in 1807. The first of which was the Clermont, made to travel between Albany and New York.
Cyrus McCormick Invented the horse-drawn mechanical reaper, cofounder of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company of Chicago.
Samuel Morse Invented the telegraph in the 1830's.
Cumberland Road A national highway from Maryland to Illinois. It was federally funded to the dismay of southerners.
Erie Canal Linked the Hudson River to the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River Valley.
The Wabash and Erie Canal Opened in the early 1840's and was over 450 miles, the longest canal in North America.
American System Plans for a broad range of internal transportation improvements.
Mohawk and Hudson Railroad The first steam locomotive to do commercial service.
Peter Cooper Inventor of the Steam locomotive in 1827.
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art A school in NYC dedicated to educating people in technology. Was free of charge and anyone could attend.
Code of Deference The practice of showing respect for those who has served in the military, accomplished educational or business success or had a famous pedigree.
The Life of Washington A fictional tale written by Mason Locke Weems about Washington's virtue. This was the source of the apple tree story.
Universal Manhood Suffrage The fight for all male adults to be able to vote.
Bucktail Republicans Lead by Martin Van Buren, party that supported the majorities wills.
Spoils System The rewarding of party loyalists.
The Corrupt Bargain The election between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson, when taken to the House of Representatives was swayed by Henry Clay, the speaker.
American System High tariffs, national banks, and federally sponsored improvements: Championed by Secretary of State Henry Clay.
Tariff of Abolitionists Established a 50% tax on imported goods, intended to supports American manufacturing. Was great for the north but angered the south in its unfairness.
Rotation in Office The preplacement of federal officials hand picked by the current president.
The Petticoat Affair Well known socialite Margret O'Neal had an affair with U.S. senator John Eaton while married to Naval officer John Timberlake. After Timberlake's suicide she married Eaton, causing an uproar in the public.
The Kitchen Cabinet Informal advisors that Jackson used to help make decisions, included Van Buren.
Nullification The voiding of unwelcome federal laws by the states.
The Tariff of 1832 Passed to calm the revolting southerners, lowered tax rated on imported goods. It was unsuccessful in this endeavor.
Ordinance of Nullification South Carolina passed this to nullify the tariffs of 1828 and 1832
Force Bill of 1833 The use of federal troops to ensure compliance of federal law.
Compromise Tariff of 1833 Reduced the tariff rates drastically, lead to the nullification of the Force Bill.
Monster Bank Nickname for the Second Bank of the United States.
Specie Circular Jackson's executive order requiring western land sales to be conducted with only gold and silver.
Five Civilized Tribes 5 tribes that adopted Anglo-Christian ways and spoke English: Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Cherokee.
The Cherokee Phoenix The Cherokee newspaper that began publication in 1828 in engish and Cherokee. It showed the length to which the tribe went to adopt English ways.
1830 Indian Removal Act The act passed by congress to remove the Five Civilized Tribes from the south and move them to the west.
Trail of Tears A series of forced marches by the U.S. military of the native people.
Black Hawk's War The Fox and the Sauk tribes tried to reclaim their land in northern Illinois. They killed over 200 innocent people.
Second Party System This was the replacement of the old Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties by the Democratic and Whig.
Log Cabin Campaign When democrats tried to discredit William Henry Harrison in the 1840 election they called him a drunk cabin dweller, he intern used this to his advantage by becoming the image of a man of the people.
Created by: 19klr531