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GSLS 8th SS

GSLS 8th SS 13 Colonies

QuestionAnswer
joint-stock company Company backed by investors, people who put money into a project to earn profits.
charter a written contract, issued by a government, giving the holder right to establish a colony
Jamestown First permanent English settlement named in honor of King James.
John Smith a soldier and adventurer who took control and put in place the don't work don't eat rules that helped Jamestown survive
indentured servants people who sold their labor in exchange for a passage to the new colonies
House of Burgesses first representative assembly in the American colonies
Bacon's Rebellion Colonist who complained about high taxes and who wanted Indians removed from the land so they could grow tobacco.
Pilgrams a Separatist group who moved to the new world to worship how they thought best. Landed on Plymouth Rock
Mayflower Compact An agreement by the men aboard the ship the Mayflower, in which they described the rules for self-government and majority rule.
Puritans Left England because of poor treatment from King James I , unlike the Pilgrims they did not want to Separate from the Church of England they just wanted to purify it.
Great Migration Thousands of Puritans left their homeland for New England
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut A constitution that extended voting rights to non-church members and limited the power of the governor. They expanded the idea of representative government.
Roger Williams a minister in Salem, Massachusetts, who founded the first Baptist church in America. He opposed forced attendance at church. He also opposed taking of Native American land. He was forced to leave the colony so he founded the colony of Rhode Island.
Anne Hutchinson believed that a person could worship God without the help of a church, minister, or Bible. She conducted discussions in her home that challenged church authority and was brought to trial for her beliefs and was forced to leave Massachusetts. Went to RI
King Philip's War War fought between Puritans and Native Americans. The Native Americans lost the war and had to flee their homeland. Some were captured and forced to work as laborers.
patroon person who brought 50 settlers to New Netherland and received a huge land grant for doing so.
Duke of York King Charles the II brother who drove the dutch off of New Amsterdam to start a proprietary colony.
Proprietary colony A colony that had an owner.
William Penn Large land owner in America because King Charles owed his family money. The land became Pennsylvania which means Penn's woods.
Quakers the religion of William Penn and the religion of many people who settled Pennsylvania .
Royal Colony Colony that belongs to the king and is run by a governor that the king chooses
James Oglethorpe founded Georgia as a safe place for debtors. His strict rule upset colonists and the King took over and made Georgia a Royal Colony.
Created by: wjewell