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Exploration Vocab I

TermDefinition
Caravel a light, fast sailing ship that steered with a rudder at the stern and was equipped with triangular sails that could be turned to catch wind from any direction.
Sir Francis Drake Explored west coast of South America, stopped in California. Became the second man to circumnavigate the globe.
Christopher Columbus Italian sailor supported by the rulers of Spain, he reached the Americas in 1492, becoming the first European to do so.
Ferdinand Magellan Led a voyage around South America’s southern tip, continuing into the Pacific even though his ships were low on food and water. Credited with the 1st circumnavigation of the globe.
Circumnavigate To go all the way around.
Encomienda Spanish colonial system in which a colonist was given a certain amount of land and a number of Native Americans to work the land in exchange for teaching the Native Americans Christianity.
Conquistador The Spanish soldiers, explorers, and fortune hunters who took part in the conquest of the Americas in the 16th century.
Viceroys Officials who ruled Spain’s American empire.
Line of Demarcation An imaginary dividing line, drawn north to south, through the Atlantic Ocean. All lands to the west of the line would be Spain’s and all lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
Treaty of Tordesillas Agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
Created by: NavyBoatDriver
 

 



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