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routes to the west

social studies test

QuestionAnswer
The purchase of the Louisiana Territory by which president in 1803 led to the settlement of lands west of the Mississippi River? President Jefferson
Zebulon Pike and which other two men explored the Lousisana Territory and other parts of the west? Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
Although the government sent many explorers westward, the people who learned the most about the lands beyond the Mississippi River were whom? traders and fur trappers
Beginning in what year did traders follow the Santa Fe Trail from from Independence, Missouri southwest to Santa, which at that time was in Mexican Territory? 1821
Traders took wagons filled with manufactured goods to Santa Fe and brought back what? mules, furs, gold, and silver
The purchase of the Louisiana Territory by which president in 1803 led to the settlement of lands west of the Mississippi River? Thomas Jefferson
The old Spanish Trail continued from Santa Fe to where? Los Angeles
Zebulon Pike and which other two men explored the Lousisana Territory and other parts of the west? Meriwether Lewis and Admiral Clark
Although the government sent many explorers westward, the people who learned the most about the lands beyond the Mississippi River were whom? traders and fur trappers
Beginning in what year did traders follow the Santa Fe Trail from from Independence, Missouri southwest to Santa, which at that time was in Mexican Territory? 1821
Traders took wagons filled with manufactured goods to Santa Fe and brought back what? mules, furs, gold, and silver
The old Spanish Trail continued from Santa Fe to where? Los Angeles
Who roamed the Rocky Mountain region starting in the 1820's? Mountain men or fur trappers
Two of the most famous mountain and "trail blazers" of the far west were Jed Smith and who else? Jim Bridger
Who discovered the famous South Pass that was later used by wagon trains crossing the Rocky Mountains to Oregon and California? Bridger and Smith
Settlers traveling west used the trails established by whom? mountain men
Which five states were first formed west of the Mississippi? Louisiana, Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, and Iowa
During the 1820's who led hundreds of American families into Texas, then owned by Mexico? Stephen Austin
The Americans living in Texas gained their independence from Mexico during what? the Texas Revolution of 1835-1836
Who led the Texans to victory over Santa Ana and the Mexican army and the first president of the "Lone Star Republic"? Sam Houston
Texas was called the Lone Star Republic until it became a state in what year? 1845
Trappers, traders, explorers, and missionaries told stories about rich farmlands where? Oregon and California
The first wagon trains began the long journey over what two trails during the 1840's? Oregon Trail and California Trail
What did the pioneers have to travel through to reach the West Coast? Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains
In what season every year did the wagon trains form at Independence, Missouri? spring
The wagon train of the Donner Party was trapped in what mountains by early October snowstorms, leaving only 48 people out of 87 alive? the Sierra Nevadas
The Whitman's and other missionaries wrote letters back home describing the great forests, and rich farmland of where? the Oregon Country
Where did Brigham Young and the Mormons, who had been persecuted in several eastern because of their religious beliefs, settle next to in 1847? The Great Salt Lake in Utah
Where was gold discovered that led to a rush of forty-niners to California in 1849? John Sutter's mill
Most people found no gold and instead worked at what trades when California became a state in 1850? farmers, store owners, and craftsmen
The trails that led west stretched over dry, treeless plains and waterless deserts, crossed streams and rivers and wound through steep what? mountain passes
Families lived in covered wagons during the 2000 mile trip from Independence, Missouri;what were they pulled by? teams of oxen or mules
Wagon trains followed the Oregon Trail through the Great Plains, "The Great American Desert" and this, located in the Rocky Mountains. the South Pass
After crossing the Rockies, pioneers bound for California followed the California Trail to this valley.. The Sacramento Valley
The Oregon Trail continued west to this river and the Williamette Valley. the Columbia River
Wagon trains made brief stops at these along the way to stock up on supplies and to make repairs. forts
Created by: hms204
 

 



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