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SS 2

Absolutism & Enlightenment Vocabulary

deism The belief in a God who created the universe and then abandoned it, assuming no control over it
Absolutism (absolute monarch) Royal ruler with absolute, or complete, authority over the government and people in his or her kingdom
King Louis XIV The king of France in the 1600s and 1700s
Divine Right of Kings The king’s authority came directly from God, and was therefore divine
Enlightenment A revolution in thought characterized by reliance on reason and experience rather than on religious thinking
Age of Reason Time during the 1700s when Enlightenment ideas were the leading ideas in Europe
John Locke An English philosopher that saidnatural laws govern human behavior and government should be based on these natural laws
Natural Rights Rights that belonged to all human beings from birth – right to life, liberty, and own property
Philosophes A group of French thinkers and scientists who believed ideas of the Enlightenment could be used to reform and improve government and society
Jean Jacques Rousseau Wrote The Social Contract and argued that governments should express the will of the people and put few limits on people’s behavior
Baron de Montesquieu A French aristocrat and lawyer who thought that separating the powers of government would guard against one part of government from becoming too powerful
Thomas Hobbes Argued in his book, Leviathan, that the best government was one in which the ruler had absolute power
English Civil War The military clash between forces loyal to King Charles I and the forces of Parliament that overthrew the monarchy
House of Stuart A series of English monarchs that ruled England, Scotland & Ireland since the 1200s
Parliament The highest body of legislature in England that had been advising monarchy since the 1200s
Oliver Cromwell A skilled general who led the military forces of Parliament against King Charles I
constitutional monarchy The powers of the king or queen are restricted to those granted under the constitution and laws of the nation
Glorious Revolution The bloodless overthrow of James II in England by William and Mary in 1688
Created by: Coco pannell



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