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Chapter 6 Vocab

Chapter 6 Vocab for U.S. History

TermDefinition
Second Continental Congress Congress of the Patriots. They appointed the Committee of Five to write the Declaration of why the Americans are separating from Britain to become an independent country.
Second Continental Congress (continued) The Second Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia in the summer of 1775. They created the Continental Army with trained colonists to fight in emergencies for defense to the colonies. The Congress are 56 delegates from all 13 colonies.
Continental Army The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the Lexington and Concord battle. The soldiers were colonist from all the colonies. They fought in the rest of the Revolutionary War- Battle of Bunker Hill.
George Washington He was the Commander-in-Chief for the Continental Army. He proved himself to be a great soldier and was a hero in the French and Indian War leading the colonists. The British were afraid of him because he was a great solider. He was our Founding Father.
Battle of Bunker Hill Patriots fortified Breed's hill. 2,000 troops went up the hill to fight and Patriots did not fire until seen and fired upon. Patriots shot their last shots in victory two times. However, the British still came up the hill.
Battle of Bunker Hill (continued) However,this time they ran out of supplies and British came up the rest of the hill and clashed. 1,000 British soldiers died and half of Americans died.
Impose Force to be accepted and put in place/order.
Independence Self-government, Self-rule,separation,freedom,liberty
Policies System of principles to put in order to govern successfully. Rights,laws
Olive Branch Petition The Second Continental Congress sent a petition to the king asking him to end the conflict and negotiate peacefully. To end cruel and harsh laws and have free rights/liberty
Thomas Paine Patriot who published a fiery pamphlet called Common Sense. He talked about how America should be homeland of liberty to persuade more colonists to see why independence is good future. He scoffed at the idea that Americans own any loyalty to the King.
Common Sense pamphlet to persuade colonists to fight for independence. The American trade has suffered under British control and they were hurt by being dragged into Great Britain's European Wars. He argued that independence was sensible and key to a brighter futur
Declaration of Independence a formal statement of independence-explained to the world why the colonies were choosing to separate from the Britain
Thomas Jeffereson Main author of the Declaration of Independence stating why the colonies should be independent and rights that everyone should have-laws to a great independent country. Part of the Committee of five and delegate of Virginia.
Natural rights All people are born with equal rights and same basic rights
Fundamental rights Government made free rights and the government should protect and have.
Independence Day On July 4th, the delegates approved the Declaration. A month later they signed the Declaration.The Delegates understood they were committing an act of treason against British. If the new nation fails for freedom, all of the delegates can end up hanged.
Patrick Henry Patrick Henry was an American attorney, planter and orator well known for his declaration to the Second Virginia Convention: "Give me liberty, or give me death!" He was a strong patriot and his criticism lead to the Bill of Rights.
The Preamble of the Declaration of Independence All people are born equal and have the same basic rights like life,liberty,and pursuit of happiness. Governments are formed to protect these rights. If a government fails to protect people's fundamental rights, the people can abolish or change the gov.
The Preamble (Continued) It states the king showed no concern to the people's rights and to protect it. Instead, the king had tyranny over the states and lists the abuses the king has done. It claims that the king is unfit to be the ruler of the colonists.
Created by: Pranavi Jarugula
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