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Ch 10 Roaring 20s

Pre-AP US History 1920s Mastering the TEKS

TermDefinition
Isolationism following the disillusionment with the treaty ending WWI, American leaders and the public retreated into traditional policy of staying out of European affairs; the US Senate rejected the League of Nation's membership
Recession an economic downturn following WWI as wartime spending came to an end, Europe was to broke to buy American farm goods, and soldiers returned home looking for work that was not there
Palmer Raids raids that deported over 600 citizens accused of participating in a radical plot to overthrow the govt. during the Red Scare
Red Scare following the Russian Revolution, many in the US panicked that labor unions and immigrants from Eastern Europe would lead a communist revolution in America
J. Edgar Hoover assistant to Attorney General Mitchell Palmer during the Red Scare, who would later become head of the FBI for decades
Sacco & Vanzetti Italian immigrants who were caught up in anti-communist hysteria and executed without clear evidence of committing murder
Nativism a strong dislike of foreigners and their cultures, which were seen as threats to the dominance of Anglo-Saxon, Protestant White American culture
Ku Klux Klan a new version arose in opposition to immigrants, Catholics, and Jews, besides African-Americans
Warren Harding president who promised "a return to normalcy" of laissez-faire practices,trying to undo the progressive movement laws of greater govt. intervention in the economy
Teapot Dome Scandal two of president Harding's friends were accused of asking for bribes in exchange for granting leases to oil companies on govt. lands
Calvin Coolidge president who was pro-business and believed in laissez-faire govt. policies that allowed for the over-speculation of the stock market that led to the 1929 crash
Herbert Hoover president who believed in the "rugged individualism" of America based on free education, equal opportunities, and a will to succeed with no govt. interference in the economy
Henry Ford car entrepreneur who used the assembly line techniques to mass produce the model T; he paid workers more so they could afford to buy it
Model T first mass-produced car that many Americans could buy
Glenn Curtiss designed sea planes for the US Navy that could cross the Atlantic
assembly line method of production in which unskilled workers used machinery to create cars and other products rapidly
credit retailers created new installment payments where consumers could purchase expensive goods with little or no money down
speculation the purchase of stocks using credit, in hopes of re-selling at a higher price
Frances Willard temperance movement leader who advocated for women's rights, suffrage, 8-hour work day, and pushed for prohibition
18th Amendment prohibited the sale of alcoholic drinks in 1919
21st Amendment repealed the unpopular prohibition of alcohol in 1933
19th Amendment gave women the right to vote (suffrage)
Scopes Monkey Trial trial that pitted the older, religious, traditional values versus the new scientific theories like evolution
Clarence Darrow attorney who represented John Scopes, who was charged with teaching evolution in Tenn. schools
Immigration Acts of 1921, 1924 immigration laws designed to exclude immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe & Asia by creating quotas based on ethnicity, religion, and political ideology
Eugenics a pseudo-scientific belief that the human race could be improved by breeding "superior" genes with each other
Social Darwinism belief that human races competed for survival and that Anglo-Saxon race was superior to darker-skinned races
Flappers young women who had entered the workforce and refused to conform to traditional roles & behavior for women; they wore short hair & skirts, smoke & drank, and lived independently
Sigmund Freud psychologists who wrote openly of how sub-conscious sexual desires and experiences influenced conscious behavior
Tin Pan Alley section of NYC where song writing & musical ideas mixed to form American popular sheet music of blues, jazz, and ragtime music for shows and individuals
Lost Generation American writers disillusioned by WWI and the materialistic society of the 1920s, who moved to Europe
The Great Migration large migration of African-Americans to northern cities to escape the segregation of Jim Crow Southern society and lynchings in search of factory jobs
Harlem Renaissance cultural explosion of African American literature, music, and politics as they moved into northern cities from the South
Langston Hughes African-American poet & writer of Harlem Renaissance
Marcus Garvey led a Back-to-Africa movement and black-owned businesses
Charles Lindbergh American pilot who flew solo across the Atlantic
F. Scott Fitzgerald writer of the Great Gatsby which captured the spirit of the Jazz Age and moral corruption
Created by: wm0397