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Civics Q1 Review

Benchmarks SS.7.C.1.1, 1.2, 1.9, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.2, 1.3, 1.4

QuestionAnswer
Which Enlightenment thinker did Thomas Jefferson reference when listing the natural rights of "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness" in the Declaration of Independence? John Locke
autocracy rule by one person
representative democracy Citizens choose a group of people to represent them and govern on their behalf
How did Locke's social contract theory influence the Founding Fathers? Colonists felt that the governor of the colonies, appointed by the King George III, put British interests ahead of theirs.
How did colonists react to the Stamp Act? boycotted British goods
Montesquieu's ideas about power in the government are referred to as the Separation of Powers
What argument did Thomas Paine put forth in the 1776 publication, Common Sense? He argued that common sense called for the colonists to rebel against the king's violent abuse of power.
What did the Magna Carta (1215) establish? The principle of limited government
What did the Tea Act of 1773 require colonists to do? Required colonists to buy tea only from the British East India Company
What document addressed the colonists' concerns and listed their grievances? Declaration of Independence
What does the phrase, "No taxation without representation"mean? The colonists felt only their elected representatives had the right to tax them
What is a direct democracy? form of government in which citizens vote first hand, including laws
What is a monarchy? a form of government in which power is inherited
What is an oligarchy? rule by a few, elite members of society
What is a republic? a type of representative democracy in which citizens elect leaders to govern on their behalf and the Head of State is a president
Responsibilities of a U.S. citizen Be informed, vote, run for office, volunteer, attend civic meetings
Duties/Obligations of U.S. citizens obey laws, pay taxes, jury duty, register for selective service, defend the nation
Three ways of being a citizen Law of Soil, Law of Blood, naturalization
Requirements for naturalization 18 yrs-old, Legal resident for five years, speak, read, and write English, be of good moral character, pass a civics test
STEPS of the naturalization process Meet all requirements; Obtain and complete the Application for Naturalization Form (N-400)from the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service, and submit it. Interview. Attend a Naturalization Ceremony and take the Oath of Allegiance.
What is popular sovereignty? that the government gets its power from the people
In addition to establishing limited government, what did the Magna Carta (1215) guarantee? trial by jury, due process of law, rule of law, no taxation without representation
Significance of the Mayflower Compact (1620) Self-government
English Bill of Rights (1689) Further limited the power of the monarchy and listed specific rights of the people, including freedom of speech and more
Thomas Paine's Common Sense (1776) Writing which convinced the colonists to declare independence
What is Communism? form of government in which ONE party controls all aspects of its citizens' lives: social, political, and economic
What is socialism? An economic system in which an authoritarian government provides its citizens with their basic needs, regardless of citizens' work ethic, ambition, or employment status
What is a confederation/confederal system?
What is a federation/federal system?
What is a parliamentary system?
What is a unitary system?
Created by: Sundai Brown