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Study Guide Unit One

Defining Terms

TermDefinition
Copperheads Northern Democrats who sympathized with the South during the Civil War.
Emancipation Proclamation A order by President Lincoln that freed slaves in areas rebelling the union on January 1, 1863.
Total War A strategy that armies used to fight by destroying the components ability to fight by attacking civilians and others.
War of Attrition Union General Grant's war strategy of fighting til the components ran out of the will to fight, supplies, and men.
Amnesty An official pardon issued by the government.
Black Codes Laws that limited former slaves freedom in the wouth during reconstruction.
Carpetbaggers Northern Republicans who moved to South during reconstruction.
Sharecroppers Southern Farms used this after the civil war which farmers worked on someone else's land in return of supplies or a small share of crops.
Compromise of 1877 An agreement that settled the election of 1876; democrats excepted Hayes if troops in South were removed.
Reconstruction acts Divided former confederate states to turn them into military zones.
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? Diseases
What is the Anaconda Plan? A Union plan for a naval blockade south; squeezing the life out of them like an anaconda snake would do.
What were Northerners who sympathized with the South called? Redeemers
What were the Jim Crow Laws? Laws that enforced segregation in the South.
What is the Crittenden Compromise? John Crittenden plan to reduce conflict with North and South by extending the MO compromise line through remaining territories.
What was the outcome of Plessy v Ferguson? ended segregation.
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) French and
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? Johnston.
What kind of ruler was George McClellan? (Reluctant or Brave) Reluctant
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? 1865
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? Emancipation Proclamation
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? The first american soldiers recruited by the union
Where did the South surrender? Fredricksville
What is Reconstruction? Rebuilding the former confederate states and reunited the nation
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? John Wilkes Booth
What did the 13th Amendment do? Abolished slavery.
Created by: kwaters
 

 



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