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Unit 1

Study guide for Unit 1

QuestionAnswer
Copperheads Northern Democrats who sympathized with the South.
Emancipation Proclamation Made by President Lincoln it stated that all slaves living in areas still rebelling against the United States would be free.
Total War A military strategy where you not only wage war against enemy troops but at their economic resources as well.
Amnesty Pardon to states that swore loyalty to the Union.
Black Codes Codes that limited the freedom of African Americans after the civil war.
Carpet Baggers Northern Republicans who came to participate in state conventions in the South.
Sharecroppers A way for farmers to solve their labor problems. Under this system a farmer would work a parcel of land in return for a share of the crop, cabin, seed, tools, and a mule.
Compromise of 1877 In return for the Democrats' acceptance of Hayes as president, the Rupublicans agreed to withdraw the remaining federal troops from the South.
Reconstruction Acts Acts that were supposed to help rebuild the South.
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? Disease, infection, and malnutrition
What is the Anaconda Plan? A naval blockade that was designed to slowly squeeze the life out of the South.
What were Northerners called who sympathized with the South called? Copperheads
What were the Jim Crow Laws? State legislation that enforced segregation
What is the Crittenden Compromise? A compromise that called for the old Missouri Compromise line to be drawn west through the remaining territories; North of the line, slavery would be illegal and south of the line slavery could expand.
What was the outcome of Plessy v Ferguson? A court case that upheld segregation saying that "separate but equal" facilities did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment.
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) France and Great Britain.
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? Albert Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard
What kind of ruler was George McClellon? (Reluctant or Brave) Reluctant
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? July 1862
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? Emancipation Proclamation
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? An Infantry that consisted of the first African American soldiers that were recruited by the Union.
Where did the South surrender? A Virginia village in the Appomattox Courthouse.
What is Reconstruction? The rebuilding of the South.
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? John Wilkes Booth
What did the 13th Amendment do? An amendment passed by Congress in January 1865 to abolish slavery.
Created by: 5161