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Study Guide Unit 1

Copperheads Democrats in the Northern United States of the Union who disliked the American Civil War, wanting a peace settlement with the Confederates because they felt bad.
Emancipation Proclamation The Emancipation Proclamation led the way to the banning of slavery in the United States. The point of the war changed to the freeing of slaves and to keeping the Union.
Total War A war strategy that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
War of Attrition Attrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and material.
Amnesty An official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses.
Black codes The Black Codes were laws passed by Democrat-controlled Southern states after the Civil War. These laws wanted to restrict African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.
Carpetbaggers A person from the northern states who went to the South after the Civil War to profit from the Reconstruction.
Sharecroppers A tenant farmer who gives a part of each crop as rent.
Compromise of 1877 The Compromise of 1877 resolved the disputed 1876 presidential election between Democratic candidate Samuel Tilden and Republican candidate Rutherford B. Hayes.
Reconstruction Acts. The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 laid out the process for readmitting Southern states into the Union. The Fourteenth Amendment provided former slaves with national citizenship, and the Fifteenth Amendment granted black men the right to vote.
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? Infection, starvation, and weather often killed the soldiers more than the war itself.
What is the Anaconda Plan? The Anaconda plan is a war strategy of the Union, a plan to take out certain places so that they may "squeeze the life out of" the South and cut off their resources.
What were Northerners called who sympathized with the South called? They were called the Copperheads.
What were the Jim Crow Laws? Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.
What is the Crittenden Compromise? The Crittenden Compromise was a compromise that allowed slave states to remain as long as it kept from a Civil War.
What was the outcome of Plessy v Ferguson? Plessy v. Ferguson allowed "separate but equal," also known as segregation, to become law in the United States.
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) South were relying on Britain and France to help them with their supplies.
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? General Johnston.
What kind of ruler was George McClellon? (Reluctant or Brave) Reluctant.
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? Congress passed a bill authorizing equal pay for black and white soldiers in 1864. By the time the war ended in 1865, about 180,000 black men had served as soldiers in the U.S. Army.
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? The Emancipation Proclamation.
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? The 54th Massachusetts infantry was a group of African Americans who served in the war. A military unit.
Where did the South surrender? Appomattox.
What is Reconstruction? The process of rebuilding the South.
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? John Wilkes Booth murdered Abraham Lincoln while he was watching a play with his wife.
What did the 13th Amendment do? "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
Created by: 5230
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