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World War II

TermDefinition
Depression A period of low general economic activity marked especially by rising levels of unemployment
Totalitarian State Government in which citizens are under strict control by the state
Collectivization An economic system in which a government controls production and distribution of all goods
Appeasement Trying to avoid war with an aggressive nation by giving in to its demands
Winston Churchill Prime Minister of Great Britain during World War II; viewed as a strong leader who invoked courage in all British citzens
Benito Mussolini Italian dictator who created the Fascist Party and turned Italy into a totalitarian state
Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany who was the leader of the National Socialist Party; built Germany into totalitarian state
Joseph Stalin Head of the Communist Party in Russia; became dictator of Soviet Union; turned Soviet Union into superpower and industrial power
Tehran Conference When the leaders of Russia, Great Britain, and America came together to divide up Germany after Hitler was defeated
Holocaust Act of genocide by Hitler and the Nazi Party that killed over 6 million Jews and millions of others
D-Day June 6, 1944; Allied forces invaded Nazi-held France at the province of Normandy
Franklin D. Roosevelt 32nd President of the United States 1933-1945; in Office during the Great Depression and World War II; set up government program known as the "New Deal"
Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941; surprise air attack by Japan on the U.S. Pacific Fleet; many battleships and planes were destroyed; over 2,300 soldiers, sailors, and civilians were killed
Harry S. Truman 33rd President of the United States 1945-1953; ordered the drop of the atomic bomb on Japan; Truman Doctrine pledged to help a country from communist takeover
United Nations (UN) international organization chartered in 1945 that was committed to world peace
Universal Declaration of Human Rights UN declaration made in 1948 detailing the rights and freedoms of individuals; written in response to war crimes
Cold War Conflict between the two superpowers, America and the Soviet Union, after World War II lasting until 1990; the two competed for world leadership and disagreed on view of post-war world
Iron Curtain Invisible barrier built by the Soviet Union that divided Eastern and Western Europe; communication and exchange of information was cut off between the East and West
Containment Preventing the spread of communism beyond its existing borders
Truman Doctrine United States plan that would grant aid to countries threatened by communist takeover
Marshall Plan U.S. program that gave aid to European countries to help them rebuild after WWII and to stop Soviet expansion
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Established by the US, Canada, and 10 Western European countries to contain the Soviet Union, police world situations, and aid one another if attacked
Berlin Wall Wall built by the Soviet Union to divide and separate Communist East Berlin and Democratic West Berlin; symbol of the Cold War
Created by: TMushrush
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