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US History Unit 4

The New Republic

TermDefinition
Judicial branch the courts of America
Executive branch created the Supreme Court & lower court systems of USA
Unwritten Constitution not literally written in the constitution
Legislative Branch Bicameral(2 houses), House of Representatives, The Senate
Tariff of 1789 tax on imported goods designed to protect American produced products
The Whiskey Rebellion tax on whiskey, farmers refused to pay it, strengthened the federal government's power
Federalists supporters of the constitution and a strong national government
Jeffersonian Republicans favored a balance of power and strong state government
Alexander Hamilton federalist, electoral college, wanted national government stronger that states, loose interpretation of Constitution
Thomas Jefferson republicans, wanted states to have more power than national government, bill of rights, strict interpretation of Constitution
Washington's Farewell Address warned against political parties, foreign treaties
Neutrality Act of 1794 U.S. remains neutral in dispute between France & England
Jay's Treaty 1794 cause-British impressement and occupation of American territory result-limited trade agreement with Britain & removal of troops in exchange for American prewar debt must be paid
Washington Impact established numerous precedents followed for generations to come
XYZ Affair American ambassadors to France asked to pay $250,000 bribe to meet with government officials
Alien & Sedition Acts designed to strengthen the Federalist & hurt Jefferson Republicans
Virgina & Kentucky Resolutions written by Jefferson & Madison, states can nullify or void any act of Congress that they determined unjust
Electoral College special electors that represent states and vote from one party to another and continue to function
John Marshall strong Federalist supporter, Supreme Court Chief Justice, many verdicts that increase the power of the national government
Marbury vs. Madision increased the # of federal judge positions, Federalist J. Adams appointed as many Federalists to the national court systems as he can, John Marshall ruled the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional
Judicial Review Supreme Court can review laws of Congress and acts of the president and overturn them if they violate the consitution
Louisiana Purchase land purchased from France for 15 million, doubled the size of the USA
War of 1812 Between USA and England
War Hawks seek Canadian Land
Treaty of Ghent end of the war leaves many of the causes of the conflict unsettled such as forcing people into service, considered 2nd war of Independence
Nationalism a form of patriotic loyalty to one's nation
The American System economic development supported by John C. Calhoun
2nd Bank of the United States propose national bank because of high interest rates, multiple moneys
Tariff of 1816 designed to protect American manufatures
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) national bank is constitutional, necessary and proper clause, states cannot interfere with National government doing its job
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) commerce clause-Congress can regulate all interstate trade and transportation
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) Seminole Nation attacks Georgia, Andrew Jackson invades Florida, Spain give Florida to US
Monroe Doctrine (1823) American foreign policy until post WWII
Missouri Compromise determined whether states enter the USA as free states vs. slave states
Created by: Mrs.Ingerick