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4.4 The New South

What is sharecropping? Sharecropping is a system where a farmer works a parcel of land in return for a share of the crop, a cabin, seed, tools, and a mule.
What is the crop-lien system? Sharecroppers didn’t get income 'til harvest time so they made deals with merchants, offering their crops, so that they could afford supplies needed. If there were still debts to pay at the end of the year, it would be added onto a bill for the next year.
What are poll taxes? Poll taxes are fixed taxes imposed on every voter and were used to make voting harder for African Americans.
What are literacy tests? Literacy tests were tests that barred those who could not read from voting, also used to make voting harder for African Americans.
What is segregation? Segregation is the separation of the different races.
Who is Madame C. J. Walker? Explain how she was able to do what she did. Madame C.J. Walker was an African American woman who was a slave in her early stages of life and succeeded in making a hair product business by creating a shampoo and using her life savings of $1.50.
Name 5 examples of Jim Crow Laws. Use your book and computer to find the examples. "It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other at any game of pool or billiards." “The schools for white children and the schools for negro children shall be conducted separately.”
Describe the court case Plessy v. Ferguson. Again, use your books and computers to explain this court case. Plessy v. Ferguson was a court case brought up in 1896 due to the fact that an African American Homer Plessy was denied a seat in a first-class railway car. Plessy won the case due to “separate but equal.”
How did the Jim Crow Laws and the Plessy v. Ferguson case affect African Americans in the South? Jim Crow laws kept African Americans from being equal to the caucasian race but the court case Plessy v. Ferguson reminded people “separate but equal” and that African Americans deserved the same treatment.
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