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Unit 3

Chpts 6 & 7 Washington - VanBuren

QuestionStuff to learn
Alexander Hamilton Secretary of Treasury, leader of Federalist Party, created the assumption plan and the Bank of the United States, killed in a dual by Aaron Burr
Aaron Burr Tied with Jefferson in the election of 1800, became Jefferson's 1st Vice President, later kills Alexander Hamilton in a dual
John Marshall Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, important in the supreme court case Marbury v Madison which began judicial review
Thomas Jefferson Secretary of State for George Washington, leader of the Republican Party, Vice President under John Adams, 3rd President of the United States
More on Thomas Jefferson issued an Embargo Act to hurt the British, hurt American economy instead, authorized purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France, rumored to have had affair with his slave Sally Hemmings(he refused to comment on this matter)
James Madison 4th President of the United States, president during the War of 1812
Meriwether Lewis led the Corps of Discovery along with William Clark to explore the Louisiana Territory, guided by Sakakawea
James Monroe 5th president of the United States, issued the Monroe Doctrine
George Washington 1st president of the United States, created a cabinet, put down the Whiskey Rebellion, stepped down after two terms in office
John Adams 2nd President of the United States, enforced the hated Alien and Sedition Acts, stacked the courts against Jefferson with "midnight judges" after losing his re-election bid
John Quincy Adams 6th president of the United States, won the "Stolen Election" where Jackson received more popular votes, but House of Representatives gave the presidency to Adams instead
Andrew Jackson 7th president of the United States, considered the "People's President" as he found his greatest support among the common people, was loud and known for his temper
more on Andrew Jackson created the Jacksonian Democrat Party, used a kitchen cabinet, loved using the pocket veto, also loved the spoils system, issued a Force Bill regarding tariff enforcement, enforced Indian removal from Georgia, and opposed the BUS so he "killed" it
Martin Van Buren served as Jackson's second Vice President after John C. Calhoun resigned, then became our 8th president in 1836, nicknamed Little Magician
cabinet presidential advisors - the first cabinet was Hamilton as Sec of Treasury, Jefferson as Sec of State, and Knox as Sec of War
excise tax tax on a products manufacture, sale and distribution - an excise tax on whiskey was created to pay off debt resulted in a rebellion
assumption plan to assume individual state debts into a national debt, $80 million, to be paid off through taxes
impressments seizing American sailors and drafting them into the British navy
midnight judges appointees to newly created positions by Adams on the last eve of his administration
judicial review ability of the Supreme Court to declare an act of congress unconstitutional; came about due to the Supreme Court case Marbury vs Madison
embargo not allowing exportation of American goods, done during Jefferson's presidency to hurt the British, devastated US economy, Jefferson refused to admit it was a failure/mistake
spoils system incoming officials appoint friends and contributors to political offices
Nullification states belief that they could declare a federal law null and void - South Carolina felt they could do this with the tariffs, President Jackson responded with the Force Bill
Trail of Tears forced removal of the Cherokee from Georgia to Oklahoma - many died along the way. The Supreme Court in the case Worchester vs Georgia ruled in favor of the Cherokee saying they did not have to leave, but Jackson would not support the court's ruling
Nationalism pride in your country and the belief that national interests should be placed ahead of regional concerns
Whiskey Rebellion poor farmers refused to pay the excise tax causing Washington to lead troops into Pennsylvania to put down the rebellion with an offer of amnesty (forgiveness)
Alien and Sedition Acts created during Adams presidency, allowed the President to deport aliens, increased citizenship requirements, and limited freedom of speech, act was supported by Adams and hated by Jefferson
Federalist Party party that supported Britain, the wealthy and business of America, favored the federal government and the Bank of the US
Republican Party party that supported France, farmers, a strict interpretation of the constitution, and the power of state governments
Causes of the War of 1812 British impressment of sailors, continued presence in western forts, sale of guns to Indians, and interference with US trade
events of the War of 1812 first victory thanks to Old Ironsides, burning of the White House by the British, bombardment of Fort McHenry(vital to Baltimore's defense) and the American victory at New Orleans and the winning of the war
Effects of the War of 1812 American independence is reaffirmed, nationalism spreads, Madison and Jackson are heroes, and the Federalist Party dies
corrupt bargain agreement between John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay in which the House would name Adams as president, not Jackson, and Clay would be made Sec. of State
Monroe Doctrine issued by President James Monroe warning European powers not to interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere
Created by: ndouvier