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Ch 14 Am. Pageant

APUSH Vocab Ch 14

TermDefinition
Samuel Slater "Father of the factory system" in America.
Cyrus McCormick founder of the mechanical reaper which made farming more productive
Eli Whitney A Massachusette born mechanical genius who built the Cotton Gin; The Cotton Gin was a device which separated the seed from the short-staple cotton fiber.
Robert Fulton The steamboat craze, which overlapped the turnpike craze, was touched off by an ambitious painter engineer, Robert Fulton.
Samuel F. B. Morse United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code
Catharine Beecher An American educator known for her forthright opinions on female education as well as her strong support of the many benefits of the incorporation of kindergarten into children's education.
George Catlin First painted portraits of American Indian Life. First person to envision the idea of a national park
industrial revolution The rapid development of industry in the late 18th and 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery. Influenced steam power, the growth of factories, and the mass production of manufactured goods.
limited liability A form of business ownership in which the owners are liable only up to the amount of their individual investments.
transportation revolution A period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of travel because of new methods of transportation.
cult of domesticity tradition that housework and child care were considered the only proper activities for married women
ecological imperialism Historians' term for the spoliation of western natural resources through excessive hunting, logging, mining, and grazing
market revolution Transformed a subsistence economy of scattered farms and tiny workshops into a national network of industry and commerce.
homesteaders subsistence agriculture farmers who received 160 acres of land for farming for 5 years; the Homestead Act increased migration westward to settle the Great Plains
scabs "Strikebreakers" / Laborers who would work to replace union strikers.
interchangeable parts It gave a rise to a host of other innovations; became the basis of modern mass-production, assembly- line, methods
rugged individualism The belief that all individuals, or nearly all individuals, can succeed on their own and that government help for people should be minimal. Popularly said by Herbert Hoover.
cotton gin A machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793
clipper ships long,narrow, majestic, gliding across the sea. Yankee naval yards sent down by Donald McKay's at Boston,sleek new crafts
"Molly Maguires" was an Irish 19th-century secret society active in Ireland, Liverpool and parts of the eastern United States, best known for their activism among Irish-American and Irish immigrant coal miners in Pennsylvania.
Pony Express A Mail carrying service; ran from 1860-1861; was established to carry mail speedily along the 2000 miles from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California; they could make the trek in 10 days. Horses were the main carrier.
Commonwealth v. Hunt a landmark ruling of the MA Supreme Court establishing the legality of labor unions and the legality of union workers striking if an employer hired non-union workers.
Tammany Hall a political organization within the Democratic Party in New York city, seeking political control by corruption and bossism
Know Nothing Party Group of prejudice people who formed a political party during the time when the KKK grew. Anti-Catholics and anti-foreign. They were also known as the American Party.
Kentucky bluegrass Made ideal pasture for livestock and lured thousands more American homesteaders into Kentucky.
Nativism A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
Created by: wm0397