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2nd six weeks review

Hesterman's Class Review for 10-13

QuestionAnswer
What was the Virginia House of Burgesses and why was it important? It was the first representative assembly in the American colonies.
Define these key term: Puritan group of individuals who wanted to purify the Church of England
Define these key term: Pilgrim a group of Puritans who left England to escape religious persecution; came to America on board the Mayflower
What was the Enlightenment? It was a scientific or intellectual movement
How did it affect the colonies and list some key leaders and their contribution? Sir Isaac Newton – Laws of Gravity
How did it affect the colonies and list some key leaders and their contribution? Galileo – studied the universe with his telescope
How did it affect the colonies and list some key leaders and their contribution? Ben Franklin – scientist and inventor
What was the Great Awakening and how did it affect the colonies? It was a religious movement that helped unite the colonies and bring everyone together.
Explain the contribution of the following key leader of the Enlightenment. Montesquieu – Separation of Powers
Explain the contribution of the following key leader of the Enlightenment. Voltaire – Freedom of Speech (“Although I disagree with what you say, I will defend to the death your right to say it.”)
Explain the contribution of the following key leader of the Enlightenment. John Locke – “Life, Liberty and Property”
Explain the significance that each of the following played in the growth of representative government in the colonies Magna Carta (1215) – first attempt to limit the King’s absolute power
Explain the significance that each of the following played in the growth of representative government in the colonies Glorious Revolution – a change making William and Mary the new King and Queen
Explain the significance that each of the following played in the growth of representative government in the colonies English Bill of Rights – gave Englishmen more rights
What was the first political cartoon in the colonies, who drew it and what was it about? It was called the Albany Plan of Union (“Join or Die”) and was created by Ben Franklin. It was intended to try and unite the colonies in order to defeat the French.
What were the reasons for the French and Indian War and key events (including the “Turning Point”) and outcomes from the war It was a war between England and France in North America. It was fought for the fur trade in the Ohio River Valley. The Battle of Quebec was the turning point of the war. The British won but were left with a large debt.
Explain the significance of the following ideas or events: Salutary Neglect England’s hands off policy towards their colonies
Explain the significance of the following ideas or events: “Common Sense" a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine; it encouraged Americans to break away from England
Explain the significance of the following ideas or events: Treaty of Paris (1763) the treaty that ended the French and Indian War
Explain the significance of the following ideas or events: Proclamation of 1763 it stated that the colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
Explain the significance of the following ideas or events: King George III King of England during the American Revolution; he imposed taxes on the colonies without their consent
Explain the significance of the following ideas or events: Parliament England’s chief lawmaking body
Explain the significance of the following ideas or events: Mercy Otis Warren wrote poems about coming together as Americans
Explain the significance of the following ideas or events: “Taxation Without Representation” this was the big concern of the colonies; they felt it was unfair to tax them without giving them representation in parliament
What role did the Sons of Liberty play in the fight for liberty in the American colonies? They were a secret society led by Sam Adams who staged both peaceful as well as violent protests against British policies.
Created by: LHall2908
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