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Ch 12 Nationalism

APUSH CH 12 War of 1812 & Nationalism

TermDefinition
Francis Scott Key wrote the Star-Spangled Banner after observing the US flag still waving following the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, symbolizing the US defiance of England and instilling pride and patriotism to a divided nation
Andrew Jackson A major general in the U.S. army. He swept through all of Florida, and seized 2 major ports. He moved Indians to the reserves, and became the 7th president of the U.S.
Washington Irving attained international recognition in the 1820s, significantly as one of the nations first writers of importance to use American scenes and themes (Books written by Americans now not British)
James Monroe was the 5th president of the United States, and ruled during a period known as "era of good feelings", he also wrote the Monroe Doctrine.
James Fenimore Cooper writer who helped establish a National Literature by using American themes and natural scenery in his works (p. 231 Estrada)
John Marshall he was a federalist who supported the new England colonies. He was destined to serve in the supreme court. As chief of justice he asserted his view that the const. embodied a higher law than ordinary legislation.
John C. Calhoun war hawk who argued war with Britain was the only way to restore America's honor, take Canada, and remove Indians on the frontier (p. 139 Estrada)
John Quincy Adams One of the least successful presidents, he asked congress for money for internal improvements, aid to manufacturing and even a national university and an astronomical observatory which were all viewed as a waste of money and a violation.
Daniel Webster Senator who argued in front of Supreme Court for a strong federal government and nationalistic policy (p. 239 Estrada)
Henry Clay Henry Clay of Kentucky, a leader in the House of Representatives, proposed a comprehensive method for advancing the nation's economic growth, also known as the American System.
Nationalism National unity ; manifested itself in manufacturing
Protective Tariff 1816 The first tariff in American history instituted primarily for protection, not revenue.
Sectionalism (loyalty to specific region or section) the tension between slavery in south and freedom in the north U.S.
Non-Colonization feature of the Monroe Doctrine that stated the era of colonization in the Americas was over (p. 242 Estrada)
Internal Improvements A series of economical and social improvements in the north. The Erie canal, and improved school systems, were some improvements.
Non-Intervention agreement that U.S. wouldn't interfere with other countries business, as long as other countries stayed out of the U.S.'s business.
Sectionalism Rivalry between the slave south and the free north over control of the beckoning west.
Isolationism the illusion many Americans felt that the US was isolated from the affairs of Europe simply because of the demands of the Monroe Doctrine, when it had no power to enforce it
Ohio Fever European immigrants who bought large amount of west American land.
Second Bank of the US caused the Panic of 1810 when it began foreclosing on the Western banks that had ben over-speculating on frontier lands (p. 233 Estrada)
McCulloch v. Maryland Attempt by the state of Maryland to destroy a branch of the bank of the U.S. by imposing a tax on its notes. The supreme court ruled in favor of the federal government.
Cohens v. Virginia Supreme Court under Marshall asserted the right to review all cases arising from state supreme courts (p. 238 Estrada)
The American System Henry Clay's American System consisted of three parts. 1- protective tariffs (behind which eastern manufacturing would flourish ) 2- a national bank ( provide easy and abundant credit) 3- internal improvements ( a network of roads and canals)
Gibbons v. Ogden The supreme court ruling under John Marshall favored the federal government rather than the states
Fletcher v. Peck The supreme court decreed that the legislative grant was a contract and that the constitution forbids state laws "impairing" contracts.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward Supreme court case which sustained D.M. universities original charter from changes proposed by the N. Hampshire legislature. Protected corporations from state government domination.
The Era of Good Feelings A popular name for a for the period of one party, republican rule during James Monroe's presidency. Well they just won a war against England and felt good about themselves.
The Treaty of 1818 Improved relations between the US and Britain by providing shared fishing rights, joint occupation of the Oregon territory for 10 years and established the Western US- Canada boundary line.
The Panic of 1819 The Era of Good Feelings was a period of promise for the Unites States but, it eventually led up to the first financial panic. The Panic of 1819 was a time of deflation, depression, bankruptcies, bank failures, and unemployment.
The Adams-Onis Treaty 1819 Spain ceded florida, as well as shadowy spanish claims to Oregon, in exchange for america's abandonment of equally claims to Texas , soon to become part of independent Mexico
The Land Act of 1820 Fueled the settlement of the North West and MIssouri territories by lowering the price of public land . Also prohibited the purchase of federal acreage on credit, thereby eliminating one of the causes of the panic of 1819
The Monroe Doctrine statement delivered by Pres. James Monroe warning European powers to refrain from seeking any new territories in the Americas.The U.S largely lacked the power to back up the pronouncement, which was actually enforced by the British
The Tallmadge Amendment failed proposal to prohibit the importation of slaves into Missouri territory and pave the way for gradual emancipation
The Russo-American Treaty of 1824 Fixed the line of 54 degrees 40' as the southernmost boundary of Russian holdings in North America. (The present-day southern tip of the Alaska panhandle)
The Missouri Compromise Allowed Missouri to enter as a slave state but preserved the balance between North and South by craving free soil Maine out of Massachusetts and prohibiting slavery from territories acquired in the louisiana purchase.
The Treaty of Ghent Armistice signed in 1814 ending the war of 1812, no side emerged as superior towards its end, which was virtually a draw.
The Hartford Convention A meeting of radical federalists in the New England area that opposed the Democratic Republicans, the war of 1812, and threatened to succeed from the Union. Mass. Connecticut and Rhode Island met to discuss their grievances and redress their wrongs.
Created by: wm0397