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European History

AKS 39 a, b, d

QuestionAnswer
Loss to Japan 1905, Uncaring leadership, landless peasants, high losses in WWI - which event is this referring to? The Russian Revolution
What is the Treaty of Versailles and one effect of the treaty? the treaty brought World War I to an end; it made it difficult for Germany to rebuild its economy
communism the government owns all farms and factories
Soviet Union communist countries in Eastern Europe, led by Russia, from the Russian Revolution until its collapse in 1991 at the end of the Cold War
Worldwide depression downturn in economic activity that affects most countries
What caused the Rise of the Nazi Party in Germany? economic burdens following WWI. (Nazism a political movement in Germany, which espoused totalitarian government, staunch nationalism, and racial supremacy)
Anti-semitism racial bias or prejudice against Jews
concentration camp Nazi-controlled detention center where Jews, were detained, used as forced labor, and exterminated
Holocaust the Nazi internment, forced labor, and extermination of nearly 11 million people during World War II, an estimated 6 million of whom were Jews
What was the Final Solution? the Nazi's final solution, or their plan to exterminate/kill off the Jews.
propaganda information, usually misleading or biased, designed to promote a particular political ideology (idea)
Adolf Hitler chancellor of Germany and leader of the Nazi regime during World War II
What event divided Germany? The Cold War divided Germany
Cold War A war of words or a period of tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R (Soviet Union) lasted over 40 years (1947-1991)
Berlin the capital of Germany that got split during WWII -WEST = democratic nations: U.S., Great Britain and France EAST = U.S.S.R (Soviet Union) communist!
The Cold War was between which two countries? The US and the USSR (Soviet Union)
Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) the official name of West Germany during the Cold War (democratic, capitalist side)
German Democratic Republic (GDR) the official name of East Germany during the Cold War (ironic, right!) Democratic it was NOT. The Communist SIDE of Berlin, Germany
Eastern Bloc communist states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War. Also known as the Eastern Bloc
iron curtain No one knows who coined the term, but the British Prime Minister, Winston Chrurchill, used this term to show the Harsh division between West and East Germany (difference of ideas democracy & capitalism versus communism).
Berlin Wall A concrete barrier that kept the East Germans in East Germany. 91 miles surrounding East Germany from 1961-1989
German reunification REUNITING West and East Germany into a single nation in 1990 becoming DEMOCRATIC
Why did Russian citizens want Czar Nicholas II to step down from being the leader? Russia's involvement in WWI was draining the countries resources
How did reunification of Germany lead to the downfall of the Soviet Union? It forced Soviet leaders to withdraw troops from Eastern Europe
How did Hitler gain popularity and stir up anti-Semitic sentiment? He blamed economic failures on the Jewish people.
What is an armistice? An Armistice is a cease fire or an agreement to stop fighting
When was an armistice signed? An armistice was signed in 1918 at the end of WWI (and then the Treaty of Versailles was signed)
Put the events in order from oldest event to newest event: WWII, Treaty of Versailles, Russian Revolution, Worldwide Depression, WWI. WWI, Russian Revolution, Treaty of Versailles, Worldwide Depression, WWII
What caused the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany in the 1920s and 1930s? economic burdens following World War I
Laid responsibility for The First World War on Germany, Dictated that Germany would pay reparations and disarm its military. Helped set the stage for European conflict that would eventually result in World War II. The Treaty of Versailles
What does the Holocaust of World War II generally refer to? planned murder of Jews, and others by the German government
During his rise to power, how did Hitler gain popularity and help stir extreme anti-Semitic sentiment? blaming the collapse of world trade and other economic failures on Jewish bankers
Which group is associated with anti-semitism? The Jewish people
Which event reflects Germany split into West Germany and East Germany? The Cold War
When the Cold war ended, what happened to the Soviet Union? It was divided into many independent countries
The term Cold War describes a political conflict between which 2 countries? the US and the Soviet Union
Extreme nationalism, pre-existing prejudices, use of propaganda helped which person rise to power after WWI? Adolf Hitler
Which event in 1989 led to the reunification of Germany and marked the end of the Cold War? Collapse of the Berlin Wall
The US stock market crashed in 1929, people struggled from the effects of WWI: What is this list describing? Causes of the Worldwide Depression
Bad economic shape after WWI, political instability, slow production describes which event? Worldwide Depression
Created by: ssha13
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