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Explorers Study Guid

4th Grade S.S.

What year did Columbus leave for his first of four voyage? 1492
In 1492, which explorer left for his first of four voyages? Columbus
What was Columbus looking for in 1492? A water route to Asia
Who paid for Columbus' voyage in 1492? The King and Queen of Spain
Why did the King and Queen of Spain pay for Columbus' voyages in 1492? They wanted him to find gold and riches
What year did DeSoto explore the Southeast? 1539
In 1539, who explored the Southeast all the way to the Mississippi? DeSoto
DeSoto was an explorer that represented what country? Spain
What was DeSoto looking for? Gold and riches
In what year did Cabot explore Canada? 1497
Cabot was an explorer that represented what country? England
In what year did Balboa cross the Isthmus of Panama? 1513
In 1513, who crossed the Isthmus of Panama? Balboa
Balboa was an explorer that represented what country? Spain
Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama on his way to ? the Pacific Ocean
Who was the first Spanish explorer to reach the Pacific Ocean? Balboa
In what year did Hudson explore the Hudson Bay and River? 1609
Hudson was an explorer that represented what country? England
On Hudson's last voyage, his crew mutinied, which means they turned against him
In what year did Cartier travel up the St. Lawrence River? 1534
Cartier was an explorer that represented what country? France
Explorers explored because the wanted to find 2 things. What were they? riches and new land
Explorers wanted to find a water route to Asia
Explorers wanted to spread Christianity
Explorers wanted a sense of adventure
Name 5 risks that explorers took 1. becoming sick 2. dying 3. becoming lost at sea 4. having their ship sunk 5. not finding any riches
A benefit is something that is gained
Europeans benefited from exploration by gaining 5 things 1. riches 2. land 3. glory 4. new ideas 5. resources
Native Americans benefited from exploration by gaining 2 things 1. new resources 2. new crops
A cost is something that is lost in order to gain something
The costs of exploration for the Europeans (4 things) 1. lives 2. ships 3. supplies 4. money
The costs of exploration for the Native Americans (5 things) 1. diseases 2. riches 3. land 4. culture 5. freedom
The Equator is the 0 degree line of latitude
The Prime Meridian is the 0 degree line of longitude
Created by: shannonbacha
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