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TEST 1-US HISTORY

TermDefinition
FEDERALISM a fundamental aspect of American government, whereby the states are not merely regional representatives of the federal government, but are granted independent powers and responsibilities.
ANTI- FEDERALISM a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution.
SEPERATION OF POWERS refers to the division of government responsibilities into distinct branches to limit any one branch from exercising the core functions of another.
POPULAR SOVERIENGTY the people's rule, is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.
CHECKS & BALANCES At the same time, the powers of one branch can be challenged by another branch. This is what the system of checks and balances is all about.
REPUBLICANISM a preference for nonmonarchical government and a strong dislike of hereditary monarchy.
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
1ST AMENDMENT freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly and petition
2ND AMENDMENT A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
4TH AMENDMENT No unreasonable search or seizure
5TH AMENDMENT no double jeopardy, witness against themselves, or private property for public use. nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process
6TH AMENDMENT speedy and public trail, unbiased jury, right to confront witnesses, appoint witnesses, who what you are being tried for
7TH AMENDMENT This amendment codifies the right to a jury trial in certain civil cases, and inhibits courts from overturning a jury's findings of fact.
8TH AMENDMENT Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
10TH AMENDMENT The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE He was a political scientist, historian, and politician, best known for Democracy in America a perceptive analysis of the political and social system of the United States in the early 19th century.
Created by: Alyssa1865