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TEST 1

US HISTORY

TermDefinition
FEDERALISM The federal principle or system of government
ANTI-FEDERALISTS A person who opposed the adoption of the U.S. Constitution
SEPARATION OF POWERS A fundamental principle of the United States government, whereby powers and responsibilities are divided among the legislative branch, executive branch, and judicial branch.
POPULAR SOVERIEGNTY The principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people.
CHECKS AND BALANCES Counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
REPUBLICANISM Support for a republican system of government.
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION The original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
1ST AMENDMENT Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof:abridging the freedom of speech, of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government.
2ND AMENDMENT A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
4TH AMENDMENT The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue.
5TH AMENDMENT No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury.
6TH AMENDMENT In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed.
7TH AMENDMENT In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury.
8TH AMENDMENT Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted
10TH AMENDMENT The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE He was a French diplomat, political scientist, and historian.
Created by: btran120