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Test 1

US history

TermDefinition
Federalism a person who advocates or supports a system of government in which several states unite under a central authority.
Ante-Federalists Anti-Federalism refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution. The previous constitution, called the Articles of Confederation, gave state governments
Separations of powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Popular soveriegnty Popular sovereignty, or the sovereignty of the people's rule, is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the
checks and balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups
republicanism support for a republican system of government.
articles of confederation the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
1st amendment The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment of religion, ensuring that there is no prohibition on the free exercise of religion, abridging the freedom of speech, infringin
2nd amendment A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
3rd amendment No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
4th amendment The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly
5th amendment No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public da
6th amendment In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to
7th amendment In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules o
8th amendment Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
9th amendment The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
10th amendment The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Alexis de tocqueville Alexis Charles Henri Clérel, Viscount de Tocqueville 29 July 1805 – 16 April 1859) was a French diplomat, political scientist, and historian
Created by: noelbjr