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TEST 1 US HISTORY

TermDefinition
Federalism Division of power between a central government and states.
Anti-Federalsits Opposed ratification of the New Constitution
Separation Of Powers Legislatives - congress makes law , Executive - Carries out laws
Popular soveriegnty The people rule, the power of the government is based on the consent of the governed.
Checks and balances Authority to check other branches.
Republicanism The people hold popular sovereignty.
Articles Of Confederation Goal was to revise the articles of confederation but it was quickly decided to replace it.
1st amendment Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech.
2nd amendment A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
3rd amendment No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
4th amendment The right to your house , no one can search it without a warrant.
5th amendment No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury
6th amendment the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed
7th amendment In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury
8th amendment Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
10th amendment The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Alexis De Tocqueville Wrote a book called democracy. He came to the U.S to visit prisons.
Created by: annaleesah